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Disease-Specific Benefits of Training in the Child with a Chronic Disease: What Is the Evidence?

Oded Bar-Or

This review is intended to critically examine the notion that physical training, in addition to its nonspecific effects on fitness, can induce disease-specific benefits in the child with a chronic disease. Conditions included in this analysis are asthma, cerebral palsy, coronary risk, cystic fibrosis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, myopathies, and obesity. Most of the published intervention studies are deficient in design by not including randomly assigned (or matched) controls. Other constraints stem from the need to simultaneously maintain other therapeutic modalities, the progressive nature of some of the diseases, and the small pool of suitable subjects.

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Exercise as an Intervention for Enhancing Subjective Well-Being in an HIV-1 Population

Curt L. Lox, Edward MeAuley, and R. Shawn Tucker

The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of regular exercise participation as an intervention for enhancing subjective well-being in an HIV-1 population. Specifically, this study investigated the effects of a 12-week exercise intervention on physical self-efficacy, positive and negative mood, and life satisfaction. Participants (N = 33) were randomly assigned to either an aerobic exercise training group (n = 11), a resistance weight-training group (n = 12), or a stretching/flexibility control group ( n = 10). Results indicated that both aerobic and weight-training exercise interventions enhanced physical self-efficacy, positive and negative mood, and satisfaction with life. Conversely, control participants experienced declines in each of these variables. Taken together, the findings seem to suggest that exercise may be one therapeutic modality capable of enhancing components of subjective well-being and should be considered a complimentary therapy for treating the psychological and emotional manifestations associated with a positive HIV-1 diagnosis.

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Self–Myofascial Release: No Improvement of Functional Outcomes in “Tight” Hamstrings

Robert W. Morton, Sara Y. Oikawa, Stuart M. Phillips, Michaela C. Devries, and Cameron J. Mitchell


Self–myofascial release (SMR) is a common exercise and therapeutic modality shown to induce acute improvements in joint range of motion (ROM) and recovery; however, no long-term studies have been conducted. Static stretching (SS) is the most common method used to increase joint ROM and decrease muscle stiffness. It was hypothesized that SMR paired with SS (SMR+SS) compared with SS alone over a 4-wk intervention would yield greater improvement in knee-extension ROM and hamstring stiffness.


19 men (22 ± 3 y) with bilateral reduced hamstring ROM had each of their legs randomly assigned to either an SMR+SS or an SS-only group. The intervention consisted of 4 repetitions of SS each for 45 s or the identical amount of SS preceded by 4 repetitions of SMR each for 60 s and was performed on the respective leg twice daily for 4 wk. Passive ROM, hamstring stiffness, rate of torque development (RTD), and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) were assessed pre- and postintervention.


Passive ROM (P < .001), RTD, and MVC (P < .05) all increased after the intervention. Hamstring stiffness toward end-ROM was reduced postintervention (P = .02). There were no differences between the intervention groups for any variable.


The addition of SMR to SS did not enhance the efficacy of SS alone. SS increases joint ROM through a combination of decreased muscle stiffness and increased stretch tolerance.

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The Role of Exercise in Prevention and Treatment of Osteopenia of Prematurity: An Update

Alon Eliakim, Ita Litmanovitz, and Dan Nemet

with proper instructions, the infant’s parents can take part in their children treatment. This will allow parents to have better attachment toward their infant as well as release the NICU staff to provide other necessary therapeutic modalities. Moreover, nurses were able to teach mothers to perform

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Exploring the Efficacy of a Safe Cryotherapy Alternative: Physiological Temperature Changes From Cold-Water Immersion Versus Prolonged Cooling of Phase-Change Material

Susan Y. Kwiecien, Malachy P. McHugh, Stuart Goodall, Kirsty M. Hicks, Angus M. Hunter, and Glyn Howatson

, 2017. 4. Nadler SF , Prybicien M , Malanga GA , Sicher D . Complications from therapeutic modalities: results of a national survey of athletic trainers . Arch Phys Med Rehabil . 2003 ; 84 : 849 – 853 . PubMed ID: 12808537 doi:10.1016/S0003-9993(02)04955-9 10.1016/S0003

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An 8-Week Virtual Exercise Training Program for Pediatric Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Nikol K. Grishin, Astrid M. De Souza, Julie Fairbairn, A. William Sheel, E. Puterman, Tom Blydt-Hansen, James E. Potts, and Kathryn R. Armstrong

further affect the development of musculoskeletal strength. Exercise is well described as a therapeutic modality used across many different chronic health groups ( 24 ). In 2019, a Joint Position Statement of the Canadian Society of Transplantation and CAN-RESTORE recommended exercise training and

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North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity

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Essentials for Best Practice: Treatment Approaches for Athletes With Eating Disorders

Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney, and Riley Nickols

-based psychotherapeutic modalities are utilized in best practice ED treatment plans. The primary targets of the therapeutic modalities will include improved emotion identification, expression and regulation. In addition, improved body image, normalized patterns of eating, balanced nutrition and restored body weight, as

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Effect of Aquatic Exercise on Sleep Efficiency of Adults With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

Billy C.L. So, Sze C. Kwok, and Paul H. Lee

population is already high and continues to increase, 4 there is a pressing need to develop other effective nonpharmacological therapeutic modalities for insomnia that are acceptable to individuals with chronic MSK pain and insomnia. A growing body of evidence indicates that physical activity (PA) may be

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Effects of Far-Infrared Radiation-Lamp Therapy on Recovery From Simulated Soccer Match Running Activities in Elite Soccer Players

Chung-Chan Hsieh, Kazunori Nosaka, Tai-Ying Chou, Sheng-Tsung Hsu, and Trevor C. Chen

-minute LIST performed over 6 consecutive days, although the therapy required 60 minute every day for 10 days. It appears that the FIR lamp therapy is more effective than the therapeutic modalities that are often used after soccer matches such as CWI and electrical stimulation. Thus, to enhance recovery