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Jonathan D. Connor, Robert G. Crowther, and Wade H. Sinclair

anticipate than the side-step, there has been no examination of either RL players’ ability to anticipate these two evasive maneuvers or visual behavior differences that may occur. Visual behavior can be analyzed by recording the movement of an individual’s eyes. Examining eye movement allows for key

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Aaron Manzanares, Ruperto Menayo, and Francisco Segado

and the actions of the sailors, as has been proven through studies of visual behavior ( Pluijms, Cañal-Bruland, Hoozemans, & Savelsbergh, 2015 ). In fact, some authors ( Thill, 1983 ) suggested that success in a sport is highly dependent on the ability to assimilate environmental variables and perform

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Raúl Reina, Francisco J. Moreno, and David Sanz

The purpose of this study was to determine visual behavior and motor responses between experienced and novice wheelchair tennis players relative to the return in tennis. Novice (n = 7) and Experienced (n = 5) wheelchair tennis players took part in the study. Two series of serves performed to the forehand and the backhand sides were examined in both groups. One series was performed in a video-based setting (two dimensional) and the other one on court (three dimensional). Experienced participants focused initially on the head/shoulders and the free-arm, while novice players focused on the expected ball toss area or followed the ball from the toss to the apex. Results suggest that the experienced players obtain useful information from racket-arm cues during the stroke phase. They also performed faster motor responses as well.

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Melissa Hunfalvay and Nicholas Murray

– 391 . doi:10.1038/nature03390 10.1038/nature03390 Perez , L.M.R. , Mendez , R.P. , Manzano , J.A.N. , & Collado , N.R. ( 2013 ). Analysis of the visual behavior of taekwondists of different skills level . Revista Mexicana de Psicologia, 30 ( 1 ), 32 – 40 . Piras , A. , Pierantozzi , E

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Samira Moeinirad, Behrouz Abdoli, Alireza Farsi, and Nasour Ahmadi

The quiet eye is a characteristic of highly skilled perceptual and motor performance that is considered as the final fixation toward a target before movement initiation. The aim of this study was to extend quiet eye–related knowledge by investigating expertise effects on overall quiet eye duration among expert and near-expert basketball players, as well as to determine the relative contribution of early and late visual information in a basketball jump shot by comparing the timing components of quiet eye duration (early and late quite eye). Twenty-seven expert and near-expert male basketball players performed the jump shots. Gaze was recorded with the SensoMotoric Instruments eye tracking glasses and shooting performance accuracy was evaluated by scoring each shot on a scale of 1–8. Six infrared cameras circularly arranged around the participants were used to collect the kinematic information of the players. The performance accuracy, gaze behavior, and kinematic characteristics of the participants during the test were calculated. The experts with longer quiet eye duration had better performance in a basketball jump shot compared to the near-experts. Also the experts had longer early and late quiet eye duration than the near-experts. The results revealed a relationship between quiet eye duration and performance. The combined visual strategy is a more efficient strategy in complex far-aiming tasks such as a basketball jump shot.

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Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Itay Basevitch, and Gershon Tenenbaum

.E. ( 1997 ). Images of mind . New York, NY : Scientific American Library . Reina , R. , Moreno , F.J. , & Sanz , D. ( 2007 ). Visual behavior and motor responses of novice and experienced wheelchair tennis players relative to the service return . Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 24 ( 3

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Eesha J. Shah, Jia Yi Chow, and Marcus J.C. Lee

stationary. The eye tracker recorded visual behaviors for the duration of each experimental condition and was recalibrated and restarted for the next condition, as with the skin conductance sensors. As in Goh et al. ( 2018 ), a video camera capturing at 25 Hz was set up in the frontal plane, behind the

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. Despite being a national sample, this analysis remains limited by a small sample size. Large, multi-site projects addressing FMS are likely needed to better examine these relationships Visual Behavior During an Infant Contingency Learning Study Marcelo Rosales, University of Southern California; Isabel