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Ellen F. Binder

This pilot study evaluated (a) the feasibility of a group exercise program in an institutionalized population with dementia; (b) the effects of such a program on physical performance measures; and (c) the potential additional effects of vitamin D supplementation on gait and muscle strength. Nursing home residents (N = 25) with chronic dementia and mobility impairments attended a thrice weekly exercise class for 8 weeks. They were randomly assigned to receive either a vitamin D supplement or no supplement throughout the program. Between-group differences in the effectiveness of the exercise intervention were analyzed. Pre-to-post changes were also assessed for both groups combined. In postexercise comparisons of both groups, knee extensor torque at 0°/sec declined by 18.6% while performance of 1-RM for hip extension increased by 16.1%. Balance also improved. Although vitamin D levels increased significantly in the supplement group, the two groups did not differ in their response to the exercise intervention.

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Francisco Alvarez-Barbosa, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Antonio García-Hermoso, and Rosa María Alfonso-Rosa

vitamin D supplementation Note . WBV = whole-body vibration; A = whole-body vibration accelerations; C = control; F = frequency; P = peak-to-peak displacement amplitude; TUG = Timed up and Go test; EQ-5D = Euroqol-5 dimension; PS = physical therapy; PPA = physiological profile assessment; KE = knee

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Michael P. Corcoran, Miriam E. Nelson, Jennifer M. Sacheck, Kieran F. Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A. Fielding, Kenneth K.H. Chui, and Sara C. Folta

, Teixeira, & Lazaretti-Castro, 2009 ; Tieland, Dirks, et al., 2012 ; Tieland, van de Rest, et al., 2012 ). Stimulation of anabolic factors such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been noted with postexercise protein and vitamin D supplementation, and therefore may aid in mitigating any age

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Katie Crockett, Saija A. Kontulainen, Jonathan P. Farthing, Philip D. Chilibeck, Brenna Bath, Adam D.G. Baxter-Jones, and Catherine M. Arnold

version 22.0 (IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp). Significance was set at α = .05. Results There were no significant differences in age, height, weight, PASE scores, number of medications, age of onset of menopause, or total calcium or vitamin D supplementation between

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Heather L. Colleran, Andrea Hiatt, Laurie Wideman, and Cheryl A. Lovelady

. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D . Washington, DC : National Academy Press , 2010 . 24. Basile LA , Taylor SN , Wagner CL , Horst RL , Hollis BW . The effect of high-dose vitamin D supplementation on serum vitamin D levels and milk calcium concentration in lactating

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Tom Clifford

-induced gains in muscle strength in older adults, suggesting a potential role for vitamin D supplementation in long-term musculoskeletal adaptations to exercise (reviewed in Candow et al., 2012 ). As of yet, there is little research to suggest that vitamin D supplementation would translate to enhanced

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Maria À. Cebrià i Iranzo, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, María Á. Tortosa-Chuliá, and Sebastià Balasch-Parisi

.1155/2014/231312 Rondanelli , M. , Klersy , C. , Terracol , G. , Talluri , J. , Maugeri , R. , Guido , D. , & Perna , S. ( 2016 ). Whey protein, amino acids, and vitamin D supplementation with physical activity increases fat-free mass and strength, functionality, and quality of life and decreases inflammation

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Yolanda Barrado-Martín, Michelle Heward, Remco Polman, and Samuel R. Nyman

’s autonomy and quality of life ( National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 2013 ). A variety of interventions (including Vitamin D supplementation, exercise, environmental, and multifactorial interventions) have been attempted to reduce the risk factors for falls among older adults living in the

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Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye, and Susan Armijo-Olivo

exercise interventions reduce risk and rate of falls and that multifactorial assessment and intervention, home safety interventions, vitamin D supplementation, and other interventions are effective for fall prevention. However, the issue of how the levels of adherence and attrition attained in the exercise

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Anna Witkowska, Małgorzata Grabara, Dorota Kopeć, and Zbigniew Nowak

Latosik et al 36 after an 8-week NW program. Sentinelli et al 37 studied women with type 2 diabetes who were involved in a 12-week structured NW program and noted an increase in HDL-C. Prusik et al 38 showed positive changes in the lipid profile and vitamin D supplementation after 12 weeks of NW