The present study was conducted to determine if female distance runners who report engaging in pathological food behaviors display the psychological characteristics of clinically diagnosed female eating-disordered patients. Comparisons were made among 29 eating-disturbed college runners, 31 normal college runners, 19 clinically diagnosed eating-disordered patients, and 34 nonathletic, non-eating-disordered college students. Measures included a 3-day diet journal, questionnaires collecting both personal information and information on eating behaviors and sports participation, the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), the Setting Conditions for Anorexia Nervosa Scale (SCANS), and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). Without reaching eating-disordered clinical levels, the eating-disturbed runners appeared on psychological inventories as being more concerned with food and dieting than were the comparison runners and non-eating-disordered nonathletes. Only the eating-disordered group presented with significant levels of psychopathology. Implications for the athletic community are discussed.
Renée M. Parker, Michael J. Lambert and Gary M. Burlingame
Laura D. DiPasquale and Trent A. Petrie
Eating disorder prevalence rates among athletes vary greatly because of the different ways in which researchers have measured and classified them, and the extent to which they are higher than those found among nonathletes remains unresolved. The present study examined prevalence of eating disorders, body image issues, and weight control behaviors using a valid diagnostic measure. Participants included 146 male and 156 female NCAA Division I student-athletes and a matched sample of 170 male and 353 female collegiate nonathletes. Overall, eating disorder prevalence rates and use of pathogenic weight control behaviors were lower among nonathletes than athletes. Rates for athletes in the current study were lower than previous studies. These findings are likely due to the lack of anonymity the athletes had when completing questionnaires, as data were collected through athletes’ preseason physicals, whereas nonathletes completed questionnaires anonymously over the Internet. Recommendations for athletic departments’ screening for eating disorders are made.
Jodi L. Southerland, Shimin Zheng, Mark Dula, Yan Cao and Deborah Leachman Slawson
The psychosocial benefits of participating in physical activity (PA) are well known; less is known about the relationship between suicidal behaviors and PA among adolescents, especially among middle school-aged youth. This study seeks to fill that gap by assessing the cross-sectional relationship between these variables.
A secondary analysis of the 2010 Tennessee Middle School Youth Risk Behavior Survey data was conducted among 65,182 middle school students. Items examined were PA, sports team engagement, physical education (PE) class, screen time, suicidal behaviors, drug/substance use, extreme weight control behaviors, weight status and weight misperceptions, and selected personal characteristics. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the association between PA, sports team engagement, and PE class attendance on suicidal behaviors.
Sports team engagement was significantly associated with suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts even after controlling for other important variables. There was no relationship, however, between total PA or PE class attendance in univariate or multivariate models, respectively.
Findings suggest that sports team engagement is associated with reduced risk for suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts, whereas, no relationships were found for PA or PE class attendance. Asking adolescents questions about sports team engagement may help clinicians screen for risk of suicidal behaviors.
Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park
), weight control behavior (yes and no), perceived health status (good, normal, and bad), experience of depression during the past 2 weeks (yes and no), and region (metropolitan and nonmetropolitan). Evidence suggests that the prevalence of body image distortion is prevalent in South Korean students, which
Shannon S. C. Herrick and Lindsay R. Duncan
methods (eg, compulsive exercise). 20 , 26 , 30 , 43 , 44 Body dissatisfaction caused by the inability to conform to hegemonic ideals of thinness appears to be a motivating factor for these weight-control behaviors. 43 Muscularity A drive for muscularity among SMM was reported in 5 articles (26%). 20
Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, Allison W. Watts, Marla E. Eisenberg, Melissa N. Laska and Nicole Larson
, Story M , Standish AR . Dieting and unhealthy weight control behaviors during adolescence: associations with 10-year changes in body mass index . J Adolesc Health . 2012 ; 50 ( 1 ): 80 – 86 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.05.010 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.05.010 22188838 16. Gokee
Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero
to increase their strength. This desire, coupled with the reality that excessive exercise and other weight control behaviors are considered normative in sport, may be the precursor to the development of bulimic symptomatology. As men change the way they eat (e.g., restricting) and relate to their
disordered eating and weight control behaviors. However, perceived pressure from teammates to lose weight/change shape, as well as perceptions that teammates engage in disordered eating, significantly predicted the athletes’ own disordered eating and compulsive exercise behaviors. Teammate influences may
Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos and Michal Mahat-Shamir
and Swedish athletes . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8 ( 1 ), 101 – 118 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.05.002 10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.05.002 Stirling , A.E. , Cruz , L.C. , & Kerr , G.A. ( 2012 ). Influence of retirement on body satisfaction and weight control behaviors: Perceptions
Jonathan Miller, Mark Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa Laska, Toben Nelson and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
examination of trends in and determinants of MVPA from adolescence to adulthood in subgroups of ethnicity/race and sex. The Project EAT surveys examined dietary intake, physical activity, weight-control behaviors, weight status, and associated factors among young people. Surveys at EAT-I (1998–1999) were