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Andrew Romaine, J.D. DeFreese, Kevin Guskiewicz, and Johna Register-Mihalik

As head injuries in American football have received increasing publicity, the safety of the sport has become a great concern for parents nationwide. The purpose of this study was to examine perceived safety concerns in youth football using Eccles’ expectancy-value model (Eccles et al., 1983). We hypothesized perceived safety concerns to moderate relationships between parent perceptions of parent cost/benefit, child cost/benefit, and child motivation and enjoyment outcomes for football. Youth football parents (N = 105, M age = 42) completed valid and reliable online assessments of study variables. Regression analyses revealed child safety concerns (as rated by parents) to mediate, rather than moderate, the relationship between parent safety concerns and child cost perceptions (as rated by parents). Furthermore, safety concerns did not significantly associate with child achievement outcomes of motivation and enjoyment. Results provide valuable insight into parent and child attitudes toward youth football safety. Such knowledge may inform future educational interventions targeting sport safety promotion.

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

concussion has been associated with several medical complications including prolonged recovery. Ensuring athlete removal from competition immediately after a concussion occurs is critical to youth sport safety and health. One important socializing agent in sport for youth sport athletes are parents. If

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Eleni Diakogeorgiou, R. Richard Ray Jr., Sara Brown, Jay Hertel, and Douglas J. Casa

Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Federation of State High School Associations, various professional sports leagues, and the U.S. Olympic Committee. But a review of the Youth Sport Safety Alliance reveals “more than 200 organizations ranging from parent advocate groups and research institutes to

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Kathryn L. Heinze and Di Lu

Athletic Trainers Association, the National Parent Teachers Association, and the American Heart Association to develop education around youth sport safety. Thus, in line with DiMaggio’s ( 1988 ) definition of a field, an array of organizations and actors over time increasingly interacted and participated