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Francis Feld

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Michael G. Dolan

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Brian W. Potter

Edited by Malissa Martin

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Lindsey E. Eberman, Stephanie M. Mazerolle, Kelly D. Pagnotta, Kristin A. Applegate, Douglas J. Casa and Carl M. Maresh

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Rebecca M. Hirschhorn, Cassidy Holland, Amy F. Hand and James M. Mensch

outlined in the RDS. Physician responses for each task statement are presented in Tables  2 – 6 by domain. Of the five domains, the injury/illness prevention and wellness protection domains had the highest average score (4.20 ± 0.21) followed by the immediate and emergency care domain (4.16 ± 0.10). The

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Hideyuki E Izumi and Masaaki Tsuruike

/or physical performance. 8. Intervention Employ life-saving techniques through the use of standard emergency care procedures to reduce morbidity and the incidence of mortality. 9. Intervention Use standard accepted procedures for the transport, ambulation, stabilization, and/or immobilization to minimize for

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Paul J. Makhoul, Kathryn E. Sinden, Renée S. MacPhee and Steven L. Fischer

Paramedics represent a unique occupational group where the nature of their work, providing prehospital emergency care, makes workplace modifications to manage and control injury risks difficult. Therefore, the provision of workplace education and training to support safe lifting remains a viable and important approach. There is, however, a lack of evidence describing movement strategies that may be optimal for paramedic work. The purpose of this study was to determine if a strategy leveraging a greater contribution of work from the lower body relative to the torso was associated with lower biomechanical exposures on the spine. Twenty-five active duty paramedics performed 3 simulated lifting activities common to paramedic work. Ground reaction forces and whole body kinematics were recorded to calculate: peak spine moment and angle about the L4/L5 flexion-extension axis as indicators of biomechanical exposure; and, joint work, integrated from net joint power as a measure of technique inclusive of movement dynamics. Paramedics generating more work from the lower body, relative to the trunk, were more likely to experience lower peak L4/L5 spine moments and angles. These data can inform the development of workplace training and education on safe lifting that focuses on paramedics generating more work from the lower body.

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Cynthia J. Wright, Nico G. Silva, Erik E. Swartz and Brent L. Arnold

possible airway obstruction, amongst other pathologies. 1 , 2 In the event of injury, protective equipment (e.g., helmet, shoulder pads) can pose a barrier to effective emergency care. 3 – 5 Thus, due to the risks of the sport and potential for equipment to inhibit care, athletic trainers responsible for

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Rachel R. Kleis, Janet E. Simon, Michael Turner, Luzita I. Vela, Abbey C. Thomas and Phillip A. Gribble

, more general pain, lower physical activity, and lower quality of life than those with a nonsurgical knee injury history. Nearly 3.7 million people seek emergency care for sport-related injury annually. 1 Knee injury is the second-most common injury treated in the emergency department, 2 accounting

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Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen and Uffe Jørgensen

and persistent negative emotional responses, such as anxiety, fear, grief, confusion, isolation, and depression. 4 – 7 Depression was the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis in adults during the year after a minor injury requiring emergency care, 8 whereas professional footballers experienced more