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Neil Armstrong

theory underpinning pulmonary V ˙ O 2 response and recovery profiles, comments on their known and potential clinical applications, and discusses the few secure data on the influence of age and sex on youth V ˙ O 2 kinetics. She points out that only 2 longitudinal studies have been published, and

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Ina Garthe and Ronald J. Maughan

nutrient needs through a varied diet, provided the energy intake is moderate to high ( Thomas et al., 2016 ). The final reason may be to identify the “gray zone”, where athletes who use dietary supplements may be associated with an accepting attitude of doping at a later stage (the “gateway” theory

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Zachary R. Weber, Divya Srinivasan and Julie N. Côté

patterns of individual joints but also interjoint coordination patterns, reinforcing the notion of a sensorimotor link that spans complex, multijoint control. Our interpretations of these correlations are in line with the proposed theories of the sensorimotor system and its role in motor planning. Studies

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Matthew Pearce, Tom R.P. Bishop, Stephen Sharp, Kate Westgate, Michelle Venables, Nicholas J. Wareham and Søren Brage

of free-living energy expenditure by heart rate and movement sensing: a doubly-labelled water study . PLoS ONE, 10 ( 9 ), e0137206 . PubMed ID: 26349056 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0137206 10.1371/journal.pone.0137206 Elia , M. , & Livesey , G. ( 1988 ). Theory and validity of indirect

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James A. Betts, Javier T. Gonzalez, Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Ina Garthe, Lewis J. James, Asker E. Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, David C. Nieman, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Trent Stellingwerff, Luc J.C. van Loon, Clyde Williams, Kathleen Woolf, Ron Maughan and Greg Atkinson

underlying theory, processes, and/or mechanisms. Priority of publication should be recognized—recent publications that simply confirm earlier findings should not be cited. Therefore, the primary focus should be on what has been done already, particularly the most relevant previous studies, ensuring a fair

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

.5). 50 Table 3 Selected Types of Interventions Shown to Increase Physical Activity or Reduce Sedentary Behavior Social ecological level Type of physical activity intervention Individual Interventions targeting youth, particularly if families are incorporated Behavior theory-based interventions aimed at

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

differences, such as sitting on a cycle ergometer versus a chair, are unrelated to state-dependent learning is inconsistent with the theory of state-dependent learning. Therefore, it is plausible that the observed deterioration of retrieval performance in the exercise condition was due to simultaneous

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

sport as either a protective barrier against OCD or as a maintaining factor in OCD, with the latter theory assuming that sports are fulfilling the obsessions or compulsions in athletes without awareness of a problem. However, a paucity of research regarding these variables make it difficult to make

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

ID: 25805785 doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv024 10.1093/eurpub/ckv024 25805785 15. Wallace L , Buckworth J , Kirby T , Sherman W . Characteristics of exercise behavior among college students: application of social cognitive theory to predicting stage of change . Prev Med . 2000 ; 31 ( 5 ): 494

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Roberta Gaspar, Natalia Padula, Tatiana B. Freitas, João P.J. de Oliveira and Camila Torriani-Pasin

, Batista A , et al . Long-term effects of an intensive interventional training program based on activities for individuals with spinal cord injury: a pilot study . Physiother Theory Pract . 2015 ; 31 : 568 – 574 . PubMed ID: 26467667 doi:10.3109/09593985.2015.1070938 10