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Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Betty Méndez-Pérez, Maritza Landaeta-Jiménez, Xiomarys Marcano, Evelyn Guilart, Luis Sotillé and Rosalba Romero

are being implemented to solve these problems. 3 Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and private initiatives are still successful in promoting sports and physical activity for children and youth in Venezuela. 4 , 5 The purpose of this short article is to summarize the results of the 2018

Open access

Jan Seghers, Stijn De Baere, Maïté Verloigne and Greet Cardon

Introduction Despite the many health benefits associated with physical activity (PA) throughout childhood, the majority of children and adolescents in Flanders, the northern Dutch-speaking part of Belgium, do not meet the current guideline of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) per day. 1

Open access

Salomé Aubert, Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Alicia Fillon, Pauline Genin, Julien Schipman, Benjamin Larras, Corinne Praznoczy, Martine Duclos and David Thivel

Introduction The French Government officially recognises the health benefits of physical activity for children and youth and has supported the development and promotion of national physical activity guidelines since 2002, and their recent renewal in 2016. 1 France’s first Report Card of grades on

Open access

Pairoj Saonuam, Niramon Rasri, Kornkanok Pongpradit, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari and Piyawat Katewongsa

Introduction Studies have documented physical inactivity as one of the major behavioral risk factors of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Thailand. 1 , 2 Thailand’s 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth revealed only 23.4 percent of Thai children and youth accumulated the

Open access

Vedrana Sember, Shawnda A. Morrison, Gregor Jurak, Marjeta Kovač, Mojca Golobič, Poljanka Pavletić Samardžija, Mojca Gabrijelčič, Marko Primožič, Tjaša Kotar, Janet Klara Djomba and Gregor Starc

Introduction Slovenian national surveillance data on physical fitness of children and youth (SLOfit) 1 show that after almost two decades of decline, the trends of physical fitness started improving after 2010, providing indirect evidence that declining trends of physical activity have been

Open access

Stewart G. Trost, Christopher C. Drovandi and Karin Pfeiffer

Background:

Published energy cost data for children and adolescents are lacking. The purpose of this study was to measure and describe developmental trends in the energy cost of 12 physical activities commonly performed by youth.

Methods:

A mixed age cohort of 209 participants completed 12 standardized activity trials on 4 occasions over a 3-year period (baseline, 12-months, 24-months, and 36-months) while wearing a portable indirect calorimeter. Bayesian hierarchical regression was used to link growth curves from each age cohort into a single curve describing developmental trends in energy cost from age 6 to 18 years.

Results:

For sedentary and light-intensity household chores, YOUTH METs (METy) remained stable or declined with age. In contrast, METy values associated with brisk walking, running, basketball, and dance increased with age.

Conclusions:

The reported energy costs for specific activities will contribute to efforts to update and expand the youth compendium.

Open access

Reginald Ocansey, Richmond Aryeetey, Seidu Sofo, Alex Nazzar, Margaret Delali, Prince Pambo, Vida Nyawornota, John Nartey and Rachel Sarkwa

Background:

Currently, there is limited evidence on estimates for physical activity (PA) behavior and sedentary behavior (SB) in Ghana. This report card (RC) is intended to increase awareness and sensitivity about issues surrounding PA and SB in Ghana.

Methods:

Data were collected from peer-reviewed literature, graduate students’ theses, physical education and sports documents, and a survey of opinions of stakeholders covering the 10 key RC indicators and benchmarks. The principal investigator harmonized all grades. A consensus meeting of the RC team was held to assign the final grades.

Results:

School and Community grades declined from a D in 2014 to an F in 2016. SB declined from B to D. Family and Active Play were not graded in 2014 and now received an F and a B, respectively. Family and Built Environment were graded F, Active Transportation received a C, and Government and Overall PA were graded D.

Conclusions:

A conscious national investment effort can increase overall PA among children.

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Chia-Yuan Yu and Biyuan Wang

Public transportation has identified as the means of integrating transit-related physical activity into regular life. 1 Instead of providing point-to-point travel service, taking public transit requires users to take the trip to the transit station and the trip to the destination. 2 , 3 Therefore

Open access

Jung-Woo Oh, JungJun Lim, Sang-Hwa Lee, Yu-sun Jin, Bumjo Oh, Chung Gun Lee, Deok Hwan Lee, Eun-Young Lee, Han Joo Lee, Hyon Park, Hyun Joo Kang, Justin Y. Jeon, Mi-Seong Yu, Sang-Hoon Suh, SeJung Park, So Jung Lee, Soo Jung Park, Wook Song, Yewon Yu, Yoonkyung Song, Youngwon Kim and Yeon Soo Kim

Introduction In an effort to join the global movement to promote physical activity among young people, South Korea developed its first Report Card (RC) on Physical Activity for Children and Youth in 2016 as part of the Global Matrix 2.0. 1 The 2018 South Korea RC has been developed as part of the

Open access

Geoffrey M. Hudson and Kyle Sprow

Physical activity is important for prevention and management of numerous chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. 1 – 3 People with higher levels of physical activity have lower all-cause mortality, improved immune function, and better recovery from upper respiratory