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Taru Manyanga, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Ade F. Adeniyi, Jasmin Bhawra, Catherine E. Draper, Tarun R. Katapally, Asaduzzaman Khan, Estelle Lambert, Daga Makaza, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, Narayan Subedi, Riaz Uddin, Dawn Tladi, and Mark S. Tremblay

. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab . 2016 ; 41 ( 6, suppl 3 ): S197 – S239 . PubMed ID: 27306431 doi:10.1139/apnm-2015-0663 27306431 10.1139/apnm-2015-0663 4. Donnelly JE , Lambourne K . Classroom-based physical activity, cognition, and academic achievement . Prev Med . 2011 ; 52 ( suppl 1 ): S36 – S42

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Natalie M. Golaszewski and John B. Bartholomew

relationships and adaptation to stress . Advances in Personal Relationships, 1 , 37 – 67 . Duncan , T.E. , & McAuley , E. ( 1993 ). Social support and efficacy cognitions in exercise adherence: A latent growth curve analysis . Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16 ( 2 ), 199 – 218 . PubMed ID: 8315646

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Patrick Abi Nader, Ade F. Adeniyi, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Dolores S. Andrade Tenesaca, Jasmin Bhawra, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Catherine E. Draper, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Karla I. Galaviz, Silvia A. González, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Katariina Kämppi, Tarun R. Katapally, Piyawat Katewongsa, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Asaduzzaman Khan, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Estelle Lambert, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Daga Makaza, Taru Manyanga, Bilyana Mileva, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Natasha Schranz, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Narayan Subedi, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Dawn Tladi, Richard Tyler, Riaz Uddin, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Ching-Lin Wu, Paweł Zembura, and Mark S. Tremblay

, Tejero-Gonzalez CM , Sallis JF , Veiga OL . Physical activity and cognition in adolescents: a systematic review . J Sci Med Sport . 2015 ; 18 ( 5 ): 534 – 539 . PubMed ID: 25108657 doi:10.1016/J.JSAMS.2014.07.007 25108657 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.007 11. Sallis JF , Bull F , Guthold R

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Jerry Öhlin, Yngve Gustafson, Håkan Littbrand, Birgitta Olofsson, and Annika Toots

between changes in GS and cognition in very old people can be challenging because, in addition to their high risk of mortality, gait deficits become more likely with age, leading to the exclusion of participants who are unable to perform a GS test. Although it is otherwise a reasonable criterion, it

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Catherine Carty, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Fiona Bull, Juana Willumsen, Lindsay Lee, Kaloyan Kamenov, and Karen Milton

and Number of Reviews Health condition Comorbidity Physical function Quality of life Cognition Multiple sclerosis 0 15 12 1 Spinal cord injury 3 8 2 Intellectual disability 1 5 1 Parkinson’s disease 22 2 Stroke 14 1 Schizophrenia 4 2 Major clinical depression 5 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

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Heidi J. Syväoja, Anna Kankaanpää, Jouni Kallio, Harto Hakonen, Janne Kulmala, Charles H. Hillman, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, and Tuija H. Tammelin

increasing levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and by enhancing cerebrovascular function. 33 Beside the beneficial effects on cognition, PA may improve academic engagement, 34 self-esteem, 31 , 35 and school contentment, 36 all of which predict better AA. Furthermore, motor function may be an

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Michelle Ogrodnik, Jillian Halladay, Barbara Fenesi, Jennifer Heisz, and Katholiki Georgiades

similar guidelines apply for other important developmental outcomes, such as academic achievement and cognition, more broadly. Differences in socioeconomic position, gender, and age are important to consider when quantifying the association between PA participation and academic achievement. Children and

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David I. Anderson

) argued, “Movement is indeed the mother of all cognition” (p. xxi). The noted physical chemist turned philosopher Polanyi ( 1962 , 1966 ) stressed that the scientist’s personal participation in her knowledge is an indispensable part of science itself, insisting that “any attempt to rigorously eliminate

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Tobias Lundgren, Gustaf Reinebo, Markus Näslund, and Thomas Parling

cognition ( Hayes, Barnes-Holmes, & Roche, 2001 ). ACT aims to promote psychological flexibility (PF) in order to help individuals to live in concordance with personal values and goals ( Hayes et al., 1999 ). PF is defined as persisting or changing actions towards chosen goals or values while consciously

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Samuel R. Nyman

of cognition. A recent trial with older adults at high risk of falling compared Tai Chi with multimodal exercise and a stretching control arm. While both exercise interventions reduced falls relative to the control arm, the Tai Chi intervention had a greater effect size and a 31% (IRR = 0.69, 95% CI