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Trent Stellingwerff, Ingvill Måkestad Bovim, and Jamie Whitfield

and anaerobic ATP production, there are numerous opportunities for various nutrition interventions to make a significant training and/or race performance impact. Indeed, as an event group, middle-distance athletes might feature the greatest polarization and diversity of training periodization between

Open access

Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan

supplements used in scientific research or the putative active ingredient(s) of any nutritional supplement. Acknowledgments E. J. Gallardo was supported by the Diversity Scholars Research Program of the Center for Research and Learning at IUPUI . The publication of this study was made possible by award

Open access

Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton, and Louise M. Burke

Matveyev, Bonderchuck, and Bompa (contributions reviewed by Issurin, 2010 ). Numerous approaches to periodization have emerged from this work, including classical, block, polarized, and complex models ( Issurin, 2010 ; Kiely, 2012 ). Within this diversity is a central theme: the purposeful sequencing of

Open access

Viviene A. Temple, Dawn L. Lefebvre, Stephanie C. Field, Jeff R. Crane, Beverly Smith, and Patti-Jean Naylor

. Assessment of participation was limited to use of the CAPE survey, which imposed a particular structure on activities and examined the diversity of participation in recreational activities during the previous four months. As data were collected from November to May during the school year, participation in

Open access

Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Christine Frisard, Milagros C. Rosal, and Stephenie C. Lemon

mixed use to enhance the diversity and proximity of destinations near public transit. 7 Individuals using public transit often walk or bike to transit stops, and expanding services, locations, and connections can improve access and opportunities for PA. 5 , 8 Traffic safety and injury prevention

Open access

Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul, and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

are presented in Table  1 . There was a range of ages represented but limited diversity in race/ethnicity and gender. A majority of the respondents were female, were educated beyond a high school level, and did not have a child of adolescent age. Table 1 Demographic Characteristics Summary (N = 2050

Open access

Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura, and Mark S. Tremblay

, Active Play, and Active Transportation were graded “C+,” “D,” and “C,” respectively. The absence of a relationship between Overall Physical Activity and other behavioral indicators can potentially be explained by the aforementioned differences in methods used to measure these indicators and the diversity

Open access

Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio, and Laura E. Middleton

participants to share freely in an open and comfortable environment. Although some recommend a focus group size between six and 12 participants to promote diversity but maintain cohesion ( Krueger, 2000 ; Onwuegbuzie, Dickinson, Leech, & Zoran, 2009 ), participants with MCI or early dementia may be more

Open access

Jennifer Sygo, Alicia Kendig Glass, Sophie C. Killer, and Trent Stellingwerff

individual athlete’s requirements ( Burke et al., 2018 ). Therefore, given the diversity in training and bioenergetics across the 25 different events that comprise the field events, a multitude of ergogenic aids might be considered. An in-depth discussion is beyond the scope of this study, so the interested

Open access

Ricardo J.S. Costa, Beat Knechtle, Mark Tarnopolsky, and Martin D. Hoffman

support for shorter running events and ultramarathon training, caution is warranted in using these guidelines for ultramarathon competition due to the large diversity of participant demographics and event characteristics. It is clear that individual assessment to determine daily and event nutrition and