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Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

2007 by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. As illness data have increased ( Hellard et al., 2015 ; Svendsen et al., 2015 ), organizations, including the International Olympic Committee and the International Associations of Athletics Federations, have initiated acute illness surveillance systems to improve

Open access

Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

involvement of these variables is provided in Table  3 , as well as other specific reviews on dietary standardization prior to performance trials ( Jeacocke & Burke, 2010 ), external sources of motivation ( Halperin et al., 2015 ), and the organization of reliable and valid measurements of performance

Open access

Ronald J. Maughan, Susan M. Shirreffs and Alan Vernec

. • Seek guidance from your anti-doping organization about recent information on contaminated or dangerous products in your part of the world (e.g., USA Anti-Doping Agency High Risk List). It must be emphasized that these steps will not eliminate completely the risk of ingesting a prohibited substance, but

Open access

Mark Messina, Heidi Lynch, Jared M. Dickinson and Katharine E. Reed

of the paper. K. E. Reed, H. Lynch, and J. M. Dickinson have no conflicts. M. Messina is the executive director of the Soy Nutrition Institute, an organization that is partially funded by the soy industry. References Anthony , J.C. , Yoshizawa , F. , Anthony , T.G. , Vary , T.C. , Jefferson

Open access

Peter Peeling, Linda M. Castell, Wim Derave, Olivier de Hon and Louise M. Burke

approach to managing a risk:benefit audit around the use of sports foods, therapeutic/prophylactic supplements, and performance supplements. This has been led by organizations such as the International Olympic Committee and the Australian Institute of Sport, that have produced expert statements ( Maughan

Open access

D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Kathleen Woolf and Louise Burke

 al., 2011 ; Phillips & Van Loon, 2011 ; Thomas et al., 2016 ) and the dietary reference intakes (DRIs) ( Lee & Nieman, 2013 ) of the athlete’s country or the World Health Organization. The DRIs for micronutrients in the United States and Canada encompass the estimated average requirement ([EAR] a

Open access

Eric Tsz-Chun Poon, John O’Reilly, Sinead Sheridan, Michelle Mingjing Cai and Stephen Heung-Sang Wong

’Reilly et al., 2016 ). Based on World Health Organization classifications ( Brown & Josse, 2002 ), three levels of bone condition (normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis) can be determined from the DXA T score. Serum Hormonal Markers Early-morning-fasted blood samples (10 ml) were acquired by a qualified

Open access

Karin Lobenius-Palmér, Birgitta Sjöqvist, Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf and Lars-Olov Lundqvist

The beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) on health for both children and adults are well known ( Strong et al., 2005 ; World Health Organization [WHO], 2010 ). In parallel, there is emerging evidence that sedentary behavior has an important negative influence on various health indicators

Open access

Daniel Bok, Karim Chamari and Carl Foster

champion in mid-July. Before that, we were supposed to enjoy numerous sporting events across the globe yielding new champions in different sports and competition levels. And then, COVID-19 hit. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic caused by novel coronavirus (COVID-19

Open access

Andreas M. Kasper, S. Andy Sparks, Matthew Hooks, Matthew Skeer, Benjamin Webb, Houman Nia, James P. Morton and Graeme L. Close

researcher, to identify teams for relevant feedback where requested by organizations. Survey responses were coded and entered into Microsoft Excel prior to analysis. The study was approved by Liverpool John Moores University Ethics Committee (M20_SPS_966, 21/02/20). Figure 1 —Overview of recruitment for