Increased levels of moderate and vigorous physical activity (PA) are beneficial for the general population, and therefore, recommended by public health institutions ( Department of Health and Human Services, 2008 ; World Health Organization, 2010 ). However, because getting people to be physically
René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski and Néstor Duch-Brown
Genevieve F. Dunton, Yue Liao, Stephen Intille, Jennifer Wolch and Mary Ann Pentz
This study used real-time electronic surveys delivered through mobile phones, known as Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), to determine whether level and experience of leisure-time physical activity differ across children’s physical and social contexts.
Children (N = 121; ages 9 to 13 years; 52% male, 32% Hispanic/Latino) participated in 4 days (Fri.–Mon.) of EMA during nonschool time. Electronic surveys (20 total) assessed primary activity (eg, active play/sports/exercise), physical location (eg, home, outdoors), social context (eg, friends, alone), current mood (positive and negative affect), and enjoyment. Responses were time-matched to the number of steps and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA; measured by accelerometer) in the 30 minutes before each survey.
Mean steps and MVPA were greater outdoors than at home or at someone else’s house (all P < .05). Steps were greater with multiple categories of company (eg, friends and family together) than with family members only or alone (all P < .05). Enjoyment was greater outdoors than at home or someone else’s house (all P < .05). Negative affect was greater when alone and with family only than friends only (all P < .05).
Results describing the value of outdoor and social settings could inform context-specific interventions in this age group.
Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover
Regular physical activity is associated with a wide range of health benefits. 1 Unfortunately, only about 20% of adults and high school aged youth meet the current federal guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening physical activity. 2 In 2016, the US Department of Health and Human
Levi Frehlich, Christine Friedenreich, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Jasper Schipperijn and Gavin R. McCormack
Evidence regarding the role of neighborhood built characteristics in supporting physical activity continues to accumulate ( Barnett et al., 2017 ; Wasfi, Steinmetz-Wood, & Kestens, 2017 ) and inform urban planning and policy ( Calise, Heeren, DeJong, Dumith, & Kohl, 2013 ; Kärmeniemi, Lankila
Kelly R. Evenson, Fang Wen, Sarah M. Lee, Katie M. Heinrich and Amy Eyler
A Healthy People 2010 developmental objective (22-12) was set to increase the proportion of the nation's public and private schools that provide access to their physical activity spaces and facilities for all persons outside of normal school hours. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of indoor and outdoor facilities at schools and the availability of those facilities to the public in 2000 and 2006.
In 2000 and 2006, the School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) was conducted in each state and in randomly selected districts, schools, and classrooms. This analysis focused on the school level questionnaire from a nationally representative sample of public and nonpublic elementary, middle, and high schools (n = 921 in 2000 and n = 984 in 2006).
No meaningful changes in the prevalence of access to school physical activity facilities were found from 2000 to 2006, for youth or adult community sports teams, classes, or open gym.
These national data indicate a lack of progress from 2000 and 2006 toward increasing the proportion of the nation's public and private schools that provide access to their physical activity facilities for all persons outside of normal school hours.
Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright
Physical activity confers myriad benefits to the uncomplicated pregnancy, 1 benefits that can have long-term health impacts for the developing fetus. 2 , 3 Our understanding that intrauterine environments can program susceptibility to future disease has developed over the last 2 decades. 4 This
Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis
risk. 1 , 2 The same populations often have limited access to safe places and quality programs for physical activity (PA). 3 To help ensure that children grow up at a healthy weight, daily or regular PA is recommended. 4 Improvements in PA environments in neighborhood settings, where children
Amy R. Barchek, Shelby E. Baez, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch
Clinical Scenario According to the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, it is recommended that adults aged 18–65 years should spend a minimum of 30 minutes per day for 5 days each week participating in moderate physical activity or 20 minutes per day for 2 days
Jessica St Aubin, Jennifer Volberding and Jack Duffy
associated with faster full return to sport and school/work. ▸ There is moderate evidence to support the incorporation of light to moderate physical activity within 7 days after a concussion in order to decrease recovery time and symptoms. Clinical Scenario Concussions are a growing epidemic and these
Matthew Pearce, Tom R.P. Bishop, Stephen Sharp, Kate Westgate, Michelle Venables, Nicholas J. Wareham and Søren Brage
is conversion to the level of the least detailed information, for example transformation of continuous data to a binary categorization of low vs. high physical activity level ( Kilpelainen et al., 2011 ). However, this approach loses the resolution of the more detailed data, and may therefore limit