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Jennifer Dill and Deborah Howe

Background:

Research has established that built environments, including street networks, bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure, and land uses, can positively affect the frequency and duration of daily physical activity. Attention is now being given to policy frameworks such as zoning codes that set the standards and expectations for this built environment.

Methods:

We examined the adoption and implementation of mixed-use and related zoning provisions with specific attention to the role that physical activity serves as a motivation for such policies and to what extent public health agencies influence the adoption process. A sample of planning directors from 53 communities with outstanding examples of mixed-use developments and 145 randomly selected midsized communities were surveyed.

Results:

Physical activity is not a dominant motivator in master plans and/or zoning codes and public health agencies played minor roles in policy adoption. However, physical activity as a motivation appears to be increasing in recent years and is associated with higher levels of policy innovation.

Conclusions:

Recommendations include framing the importance of physical activity in terms of other dominant concerns such as livability, dynamic centers, and economic development. Health agencies are encouraged to work in coalitions to focus arguments on behalf of physical activity.

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John Scriven, Josephine Cabot, Demri Mitchell and David Kennedy

Introduction National surveillance data show that one in three children are obese and only one in five are active for at least one hour per day in Jersey. 1 Body Mass Index (BMI) is highly associated with level of physical activity (PA) in children. 2 The high prevalence of physical inactivity in

Open access

Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Suzan Sayegh, Ruba Hadla, Cécile Borgi, Zeina Hawa, Lama Mattar, Elie-Jacques Fares, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad and Mathieu Bélanger

primary causes of death and disease burden in 2012. 2 Low physical activity (PA) levels and engagement in greater sedentary activities have been used to explain such trends. 1 However, little is known about PA indicators among Lebanese children and youth. This led to the development of Lebanon’s first

Open access

Paweł Zembura, Agata Korcz, Elżbieta Cieśla, Aleksandra Gołdys and Hanna Nałȩcz

Introduction Recent nationwide studies regarding physical activity (PA) in Poland suggest that a small proportion of children and youth are meeting the recommended level of ≥60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) per day. 1 , 2 Further, additional evidence regarding health

Open access

Catherine E. Draper, Simone A. Tomaz, Susan H. Bassett, Cora Burnett, Candice J. Christie, Colleen Cozett, Monique de Milander, Soezin Krog, Andries Monyeki, Niri Naidoo, Rowena Naidoo, Alessandra Prioreschi, Cheryl Walter, Estelle Watson and Estelle V. Lambert

Introduction The 2018 Report Card for South Africa (SA) (Figure  1 ) presents the latest available evidence relating to physical activity (PA) of SA school-aged children since the 2016 Report Card. The absence of nationally representative data remains a challenge for the compilation of the 2018

Open access

Aleš Gába, Lukáš Rubín, Petr Badura, Eliška Roubalová, Erik Sigmund, Michal Kudláček, Dagmar Sigmundová, Jan Dygrýn and Zdenek Hamrik

Introduction Regular physical activity (PA) is associated with numerous health benefits and plays an important role in disease prevention. However, the decreasing level of PA and increasing screen-time among Czech schoolchildren has been well documented in the last two decades. 1 , 2 Physical

Open access

Martyn Standage, Lauren Sherar, Thomas Curran, Hannah J. Wilkie, Russell Jago, Adrian Davis and Charlie Foster

Introduction The Active Healthy Kids England 2018 Report Card provides an updated “state of the nation” resource regarding performances on the provision of, and support for, physical activity opportunities for children and young people. Specifically, in this paper we present and discuss key

Open access

Alun Williams, Lucy Whitman, Yve Le Page, Colin Le Page, Graham Chester and Simon J. Sebire

England, 1 previous local school-based surveys suggest that few of Guernsey’s children and youth meet recommendations for 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity per day. Such levels of inactivity undermine the development, health, and well-being of current children and youth as

Open access

Melody Smith, Erika Ikeda, Erica Hinckson, Scott Duncan, Ralph Maddison, Kim Meredith-Jones, Caroline Walker and Sandra Mandic

Introduction In New Zealand (NZ), 88% of health loss is now caused by non-communicable diseases, in part attributed to low levels of physical activity (PA) and high levels of inactivity, and the downstream impacts of these, including suboptimal blood glucose profiles, body size, and blood pressure

Open access

Silvia A. González, Camilo A. Triana, Catalina Abaunza, Laura Aldana, Luis F. Arias-Gómez, Jhael Bermúdez, Diana Marina Camargo Lemos, Juan Camilo Cuya, Daniel D. Cohen, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Iván D. Escobar, Karen Lorena Fajardo, Johnattan García, Rocio Gámez, Julia Andrea Gómez, Yaneth Herazo Beltrán, Maria Jose Lizarazo, Oscar Lozano, Paola Andrea Martínez, Mercedes Mora, Diana C. Páez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Maria Isabel Rodríguez, Nubia Ruiz, Gustavo Tovar, Julieth Pilar Uriza and Olga L. Sarmiento

Introduction Physical activity (PA) promotion across the lifespan is a key strategy for the prevention of non-communicable diseases in the public health agenda in Colombia. 1 However, the sparse national data available before 2015 indicated that PA levels among Colombian adolescents were low and