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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

follow-up. 20 This disparity between our current study results and previous results may be because participants of the current study performed exercises 2 to 3 times per week, and they were younger than participants of the previous studies (mean age: ∼40 y). There are several limitations to this study

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Silvia A. González, Joel D. Barnes, Patrick Abi Nader, Dolores Susana Andrade Tenesaca, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Karla I. Galaviz, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Piyawat Katewongsa, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Bilyana Mileva, Angélica María Ochoa Avilés, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam and Mark S. Tremblay

, changes over time or evidence of disparities) at the country level. Statistical Analysis A database of the grades for high-HDI countries was compiled. For analysis purposes, letter grades were converted to numerical equivalents (Table  2 ). Descriptive statistics (average grade, SD) were calculated for each

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Louise M. Burke, John A. Hawley, Asker Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, Trent Stellingwerff and Ronald J. Maughan

Endurance Athletes to Potentially Enhance Fuel Availability, Utilization, and Performance Name Current description/definition Original underpinning principles Contextual comments and/or disparities High-CHO diet • Lacks a single or clear definition. • Is typically considered a static target. • Various

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

grades for Organized Sport and Physical Activity with Taiwan (“D-”), and for Physical Fitness with Canada, Hong Kong, and Jersey (“D”). In Chile’s first Report Card (2016), all indicators had low grades, and data from different surveys indicated that there were consistent disparities across genders

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athlete and society, not only physically, but also psychologically and economically i.e. disability/financial cost. Various theories have attempted to explain this gender disparity in knee injury incidence. Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors play a role including lower extremity alignment, landing

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Pirkko Markula

inquiry is rooted in an humanist intellectualism—a pathway paved by many who have put their heads above the parapet in a variety of disciplines—motivated by the identification and elimination of disparities and inequalities, the struggle for social justice, and the realization of universal human rights

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Bård Erlend Solstad, Andreas Ivarsson, Ellen Merethe Haug and Yngvar Ommundsen

seductive pressures and demands” ( Deci & Ryan, 2012 , p. 94). Hence, the seeming disparity in thinking about controlling behaviors, by only taking the perceiver perspective, may limit the way in which sport psychologists conceptualize their future research. Informed by recent empirical work ( Legate et

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Megan L. Forse, Evan Turner, Silvia A. González, Jakub Kalinowski, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Eun-Young Lee, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Natasha Schranz, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Mark S. Tremblay

Matrix 1.0 was a successful pilot project, opening the door to harmonized international comparisons and identifying strengths, disparities, inequities, research and surveillance gaps, and highlighting that none of the participating countries had all of the solutions to effectively promote physical

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fixed equipment play). Children spent the majority of time in open space (type or location; 37.6-48.9%), but there was a disparity in the setting that contributed to the highest VM (teacher arranged for type, fixed equipment for location). Activity types elicited varying VM levels depending on the

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Patrick Abi Nader, Ade F. Adeniyi, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Dolores S. Andrade Tenesaca, Jasmin Bhawra, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Catherine E. Draper, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Karla I. Galaviz, Silvia A. González, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Katariina Kämppi, Tarun R. Katapally, Piyawat Katewongsa, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Asaduzzaman Khan, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Estelle Lambert, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Daga Makaza, Taru Manyanga, Bilyana Mileva, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Natasha Schranz, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Narayan Subedi, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Dawn Tladi, Richard Tyler, Riaz Uddin, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Ching-Lin Wu, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

populations. 19 Furthermore, the disparities and inequities across gender, socioeconomic status, or urban versus rural dwelling were mentioned in only a handful of Report Card articles; thus, they were not analyzed or discussed in this study. The correlation analyses showed that the Overall Physical Activity