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Ashley L. Santo, Melissa L. Race and Elizabeth F. Teel

exam, which included the following: - NPC - Stereopsis - Ocular alignment at distance and near - Near and distance phoria - Gradient accommodative convergence/accommodation - Maximum near negative and positive vergence - Motor fusion - Fixation disparity - Amplitude of accommodation - Monocular

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Silvia A. González, Joel D. Barnes, Patrick Abi Nader, Dolores Susana Andrade Tenesaca, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Karla I. Galaviz, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Piyawat Katewongsa, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Bilyana Mileva, Angélica María Ochoa Avilés, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam and Mark S. Tremblay

, changes over time or evidence of disparities) at the country level. Statistical Analysis A database of the grades for high-HDI countries was compiled. For analysis purposes, letter grades were converted to numerical equivalents (Table  2 ). Descriptive statistics (average grade, SD) were calculated for each

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Brian P. McCullough, Madeleine Orr and Timothy Kellison

, social, political, and cultural disparities, and environmental issues. Environmental justice advocates view nature and its ecosystem services (i.e., features of the natural environment that afford humans the necessary resources to live, work, and play), as a “structuring agent in the production of power

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Louise M. Burke, John A. Hawley, Asker Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, Trent Stellingwerff and Ronald J. Maughan

Endurance Athletes to Potentially Enhance Fuel Availability, Utilization, and Performance Name Current description/definition Original underpinning principles Contextual comments and/or disparities High-CHO diet • Lacks a single or clear definition. • Is typically considered a static target. • Various

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

grades for Organized Sport and Physical Activity with Taiwan (“D-”), and for Physical Fitness with Canada, Hong Kong, and Jersey (“D”). In Chile’s first Report Card (2016), all indicators had low grades, and data from different surveys indicated that there were consistent disparities across genders

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Dawn E. Trussell

” ( Ostrom et al., 2010 , p. 9). A key feature of TSR is to understand the disparities in the quality of services to different groups, including individuals and communities, while focusing on their well-being ( Dickson et al., 2016 ; Ostrom et al., 2010 ). Furthermore, TSR represents a deliberate attempt to

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George B. Cunningham and Calvin Nite

the bias of crowds. (p. 237) A number of researchers have demonstrated the efficacy of considering bias at the aggregate level. Hehman, Flake, and Calanchini ( 2018 ), for example, showed that implicit racial attitudes were predictive of racial disparities in police shootings at the metropolitan level

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Megan L. Forse, Evan Turner, Silvia A. González, Jakub Kalinowski, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Eun-Young Lee, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Natasha Schranz, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Mark S. Tremblay

Matrix 1.0 was a successful pilot project, opening the door to harmonized international comparisons and identifying strengths, disparities, inequities, research and surveillance gaps, and highlighting that none of the participating countries had all of the solutions to effectively promote physical

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Pirkko Markula

inquiry is rooted in an humanist intellectualism—a pathway paved by many who have put their heads above the parapet in a variety of disciplines—motivated by the identification and elimination of disparities and inequalities, the struggle for social justice, and the realization of universal human rights

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Bård Erlend Solstad, Andreas Ivarsson, Ellen Merethe Haug and Yngvar Ommundsen

seductive pressures and demands” ( Deci & Ryan, 2012 , p. 94). Hence, the seeming disparity in thinking about controlling behaviors, by only taking the perceiver perspective, may limit the way in which sport psychologists conceptualize their future research. Informed by recent empirical work ( Legate et