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Sherry Robertson and Margo Mountjoy

within athlete-monitoring programs by FINA, as well as national sport governing bodies Note . RED-S = relative energy deficiency in sport; CHO = carbohydrate; EA = energy availability; LEA = low energy availability; PHE = periodic health examination; DEXA = dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; DE

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Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton, and Adam S. Tenforde

energy availability; DXA = dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; RED-S = Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport; RMR = resting metabolic rate; EA = energy availability. RED-S in Male Road Cyclists Road cyclists may have LEA resulting from the sustained high energy expenditure combined with the challenges of

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Louise M. Burke, Bronwen Lundy, Ida L. Fahrenholtz, and Anna K. Melin

; BMD = bone mineral density; DE = disordered eating behavior; DLW = double labeled water technique; DXA = dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, EA = energy availability; EAT-26 = eating attitudes test-26; EB = energy balance; EDI = eating disorder inventory; EDE = eating disorder examination; EDE

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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland, and Alex V. Rowlands

SSG or CST was performed 3×40 min/week over 10 months. Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans were used to determine areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and lean body mass (LBM). Flamingo balance, standing long jump and 20-m sprint tests were used to

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Andrew M. Holwerda, Jorn Trommelen, Imre W.K. Kouw, Joan M. Senden, Joy P.B. Goessens, Janneau van Kranenburg, Annemie P. Gijsen, Lex B. Verdijk, and Luc J.C. van Loon

) from PLA. Pretesting Participants arrived at the laboratory at 8:30 a.m. by car or public transport in an overnight fasted state. Upon arrival, body weight, body composition, and bone mineral content were measured with DEXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, Discovery A; Hologic, Bedford, MA

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Guan-Bo Chen, Che-Wei Lin, Hung-Ya Huang, Yi-Jhen Wu, Hung-Tzu Su, Shu-Fen Sun, and Sheng-Hui Tuan

secondary outcomes were the range of motion (ROM) of the joints of the dominant upper limbs, biceps, and triceps brachii muscle strength and box and block test (BBT) scores. Anthropometry and Body Composition Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and

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Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Kathryn E. Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Melin, Nanna Meyer, Roberta Sherman, Adam S. Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit, and Richard Budgett

 al., 2016 ; Reed et al., 2014 ). Even if these problems could be solved, EA calculations would likely involve specialised equipment and expertise (e.g., dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurement of body composition), good motivation and compliance of the athlete (e.g., keeping a food record or

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) (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, DXA), parent report of motor competence (Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire, DCDQ and the pictorial scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence, PMSC) and aerobic fitness (VO2 max test). Results: Aerobic fitness did not relate to perceptions of FMS or