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Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger and Bess H. Marcus

Study, 10 and the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer—Norfolk Study. 11 Questions remain regarding whether sedentary behaviors are distinct from overall physical activity. In response, some studies examining the association between sedentary behavior and mortality have included physical

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Matthew Pearce, Tom R.P. Bishop, Stephen Sharp, Kate Westgate, Michelle Venables, Nicholas J. Wareham and Søren Brage

is conversion to the level of the least detailed information, for example transformation of continuous data to a binary categorization of low vs. high physical activity level ( Kilpelainen et al., 2011 ). However, this approach loses the resolution of the more detailed data, and may therefore limit

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Elizabeth Lorenzo, Jacob Szeszulski, Michael Todd, Scherezade K. Mama and Rebecca E. Lee

In 2017, only 24% of adults in the United States met the 2008 physical activity recommendations. 1 African American and Hispanic/Latina women were less likely (13.9% and 13.8%, respectively) to have met recommendations than non-Hispanic white women (23.7%) were. Despite the many health promoting

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

Physical activity has been described as a wonder drug—a low-cost, accessible solution with the ability to impact many chronic health conditions and health outcomes. Regular physical activity influences all-cause mortality, brain health, risk of falls, bone health, weight status, and conditions such

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Amanda L. Penko, Jacob E. Barkley, Anson B. Rosenfeldt and Jay L. Alberts

interventions are relatively insensitive in alleviating these symptoms. 10 Thus, a fundamental gap exists in the effective treatment and prevention of falls in patients with PD. In addition to injury, falling reduces engagement in physical activity behavior in individuals with PD. 11 An overall reduction in

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E. Kipling Webster, Leah E. Robinson and Danielle D. Wadsworth

Physical activity in early childhood is a critical aspect of healthy development. 1 Evidence has shown that physical activity levels and sedentary behaviors track throughout childhood 2 ; therefore, integrating appropriate physical activity habits at an early age may promote and sustain future

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Landon Lempke, Abbis Jaffri and Nicholas Erdman

school attendance, that may aggravate the symptoms. 1 Physical rest recommendations consist of refraining from physical activity until the postconcussive symptoms have subsided, followed by progressive restoration of physical activity as long as the athlete is asymptomatic. 1 , 2 Despite the widespread

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Madhura Phansikar and Sean P. Mullen

Engagement in physical activity is known to have cognitive benefits across the lifespan ( Hillman, Erickson, & Kramer, 2008 ). Among older adults, leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) has been shown to have protective effects against neurodegenerative diseases and age-related cognitive decline

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Patrick Abi Nader, Ade F. Adeniyi, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Dolores S. Andrade Tenesaca, Jasmin Bhawra, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Catherine E. Draper, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Karla I. Galaviz, Silvia A. González, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Katariina Kämppi, Tarun R. Katapally, Piyawat Katewongsa, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Asaduzzaman Khan, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Estelle Lambert, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Daga Makaza, Taru Manyanga, Bilyana Mileva, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Natasha Schranz, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Narayan Subedi, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Dawn Tladi, Richard Tyler, Riaz Uddin, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Ching-Lin Wu, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

Physical inactivity, defined as engaging in insufficient levels of physical activity and not meeting the current physical activity recommendations, 1 has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor of premature mortality in adulthood. 2 In contrast, accumulating sufficient moderate- to

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

A compelling body of empirical work shows moderate to high levels of physical activity to be associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among adults. 1 Conversely, physical inactivity has been recognized by some as “the biggest public health problem of the 21st