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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull, Mike Fantigrassi and Ian Montel

flexion. 32 Weeks et al 34 examined the effects of lower-extremity muscle fatigue and sex differences on single-leg squat performance in 60 subjects (30 men and 30 women; mean age = 25.3 (4.3) y). The researchers conducted 3 trials of the single-leg squat before and after the fatigue protocol. The

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Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

Differences Between Male and Female Athletes The ovarian hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are responsible for many of the sex differences observed in fuel metabolism. Unlike males, females experience changes to their reproductive hormonal milieu throughout their life span. The female reproductive cycle

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Donald F. Kessler

-095543 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095543 3. van der Worp MP , ten Haaf DS , van Cingel R , de Wijer A , Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW , Staal JB . Injuries in runners; a systematic review on risk factors and sex differences . PLoS One . 2015 ; 10 ( 2 ): e0114937 . PubMed ID: 25706955 doi:10

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Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Maria I. Maraki, Eleni Karfopoulou, Yannis Koutras, Stavrie Chrysostomou, Costas A. Anastasiou, Stavros A. Kavouras and Mary Yannakoulia

relevant analysis could provide insight for sex-specific activity targets in weight loss maintenance. Toward this end, we aimed to investigate possible sex differences in activity patterns between maintainers and regainers in a large European cohort of postdieters living in Greece and Cyprus. Methods Study

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the long-term physical impacts. Age and Sex Differences in Vascular Function: The Role of Oestrogen Sophie M Holder 1 , Ellen A Dawson 1 , Andrew Thompson 2 , Daniel J Green 3 , and Dick HJ Thijssen 1,4 1 Liverpool John Moores University, UK; 2 University of Liverpool, UK; 3 The University of Western

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

Silva et al noted age and sex differences in three Brazilian birth cohorts from Pelotas assessed at the ages 6, 18, and 30 years of age ( da Silva et al., 2014 ), and Doherty et al described the unique diurnal patterns of physical activity by age group, documenting that the lower activity levels

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Samantha L. Winter, Sarah M. Forrest, Joanne Wallace and John H. Challis

on gait analysis results . Gait Posture . 1999 ; 9 ( 3 ): 173 – 183 . PubMed doi:10.1016/S0966-6362(99)00011-9 10575078 10.1016/S0966-6362(99)00011-9 3. Bellemare F , Jeanneret A , Couture J . Sex differences in thoracic dimensions and configuration . Am J Respir Crit Care Med . 2003

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Giuseppe delli Paoli, Denise van de Laarschot, Edith C.H. Friesema, Remco Verkaik, Antonia Giacco, Rosalba Senese, Pascal P. Arp, P. Mila Jhamai, Stefano M. Pagnotta, Linda Broer, André G. Uitterlinden, Antonia Lanni, M. Carola Zillikens and Pieter de Lange

. 10.1002/oby.20353 Bi , X. , Loo , Y.T. , & Henry , C.J. ( 2018 ). Android fat as a determinant of metabolic syndrome: Sex differences . Nutrition, 57, 127 – 132 . PubMed ID: 30172994 doi:10.1016/j.nut.2018.05.016. 10.1016/j.nut.2018.05.016 Bocco , B.M. , Louzada , R.A. , Silvestre

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Keith R. Lohse

a sample of N  = 270 children from Grade 3 to Grade 5. Although correlated, scores on the third edition of the test tended to be slightly lower. There was also evidence for a consistent pattern for sex differences in the object control/ball skill sections of these tests. These differences suggest

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Sathvik Namburar, William Checkley, Oscar Flores-Flores, Karina M. Romero, Katherine Tomaino Fraser, Nadia N. Hansel, Suzanne L. Pollard and GASP Study Investigators

recognize the additional risks from sedentariness experienced by children living in urban environments. Sex differences in physical activity levels among children have been documented in many diverse settings, including Australia, Japan, and Brazil. 23 – 25 For example, in a study of 691 Japanese children