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Wendy Y. Huang, Stephen H.S. Wong, Cindy H.P. Sit, Martin C.S. Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum, Sam W.S. Wong and Jane J. Yu

less than 2 hours on screen time. 9 Physical Fitness D Average percentile achieved based on VO 2peak for sex and age for 9- to 17-year old children and adolescents is 25.4% for boys and 36.2% for girls. Overall, it is 30.8%. 3 Family D- 37% of children and 23% of adolescents report family physical

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Roberta Gaspar, Natalia Padula, Tatiana B. Freitas, João P.J. de Oliveira and Camila Torriani-Pasin

% increase in test time. 70% increase in MVV). Low Vasiliadis et al 22 N = 8 subjects SCI level: T6-T12 AIS A To evaluate the response of angiogenic molecules in individuals with SCI and without injury during an exercise session performed on a cycle ergometer for upper limbs. 2 d F: NM I: 60% VO 2 max T

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Øyvind Skattebo and Thomas Losnegard

running (1.1–2.4%) 19 and distance (>10 km) cross-country skiing (0.3–2.0%). 8 The negative effect of altitude is presumably caused by the decrease in partial pressure of oxygen that causes VO 2 max to decline by ∼6% per 1000-m increase in altitude. 20 Not surprisingly, increasing the meters climbed

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Jo Welsman and Neil Armstrong

. Armstrong N , Welsman J . Unpublished Studies of Peak Oxygen Uptake . Exeter, UK : Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre, University of Exeter ; 1986–2006 . 4. Armstrong N , Welsman J , Winsley R . Is peak VO 2 a maximal index of children’s aerobic fitness? Int J Sports Med

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Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan

increases VO 2 peak and performance but does not alter ventilation or efficiency in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction . Journal of Cardiac Failure, 24 , 65 – 73 . PubMed ID: 28916479 doi:10.1016/j.cardfail.2017.09.004 10.1016/j.cardfail.2017.09.004 Coggan , A.R. , Broadstreet

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Timothy M. Wohlfert and Kevin C. Miller

%] RH) Subjects completed a 90-min run at 65% VO 2 max on a treadmill in a hot environment (32.4°C [0.9°C]; 46.8% [6.4]% RH) Subjects completed a 46.4-km cycling time trial (∼80 min) at an average power output of ∼280 W in a hot environment (32°C–35°C; 50%–60% RH) RPE b and thermal stress c were

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Louise M. Burke, Linda M. Castell, Douglas J. Casa, Graeme L. Close, Ricardo J. S. Costa, Ben Desbrow, Shona L. Halson, Dana M. Lis, Anna K. Melin, Peter Peeling, Philo U. Saunders, Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo, Oliver C. Witard, Stéphane Bermon and Trent Stellingwerff

relatively unlimited pool size and capacity to support exercise at intensities up to ∼75–80% VO 2 peak. However, it should also be noted that most ultramarathon runners already have a high capacity for fat oxidation, regardless of dietary background. Furthermore, although targeted adaptation to a high

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Peter Peeling, Linda M. Castell, Wim Derave, Olivier de Hon and Louise M. Burke

, increased blood flow to the muscle, and a decrease in blood flow to VO 2 heterogeneities ( Bailey et al., 2010 ). • As for caffeine, responsiveness to nitrate supplementation is individual, and protocols for repeated use within the same day need planning. Furthermore, various research suggests a lack of

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Rachel G. Curtis, Dorothea Dumuid, Timothy Olds, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Jillian Ryan, Sarah Edney and Carol Maher

for every participant. The GENEActiv has shown excellent reliability (intrainstrument coefficient of variation = 1.4%; interinstrument coefficient of variation = 2.1%) and validity ( r  = .98) using a mechanical shaker and excellent criterion validity when worn on the left wrist, using relative VO 2

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Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

 = bone mineral density; BMI = body mass index; DE = disordered eating; EA = energy availability; EDs = eating disorders; EE = energy expenditure; FFM = fat-free mass; FM = fat mass; LEA = low energy availability; MD = menstrual dysfunction. a High aerobic capacity: VO 2 max; that is, the maximal amount