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Eric S. Rawson, Mary P. Miles and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

.D. ( 2003 ). Effect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: a meta-analysis . International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 13 ( 2 ), 198 – 226 . doi:10.1123/ijsnem.13.2.198 10.1123/ijsnem.13.2.198 Burke , D.G. , Candow , D.G. , Chilibeck , P

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

a manner as to maximize variability in income in each site. We chose to focus on children with a mean age of 10 years, as this age corresponds to the minimum age where children can complete their own questionnaires, and it also avoids the pubertal period where dramatic changes in body composition

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Flávia Cavalcante Monteiro Melo, Kátia Kamila Félix de Lima, Ana Paula Knackfuss Freitas Silveira, Kesley Pablo Morais de Azevedo, Isis Kelly dos Santos, Humberto Jefferson de Medeiros, José Carlos Leitão and Maria Irany Knackfuss

secondary to disability, improving functional capacity. In addition, it brings benefits to body composition and to physical fitness related to health. 16 Due to the functional losses that vary as a result of the individual’s level of injury and the triggering factors, it is necessary to identify the degree

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Robert J. Brychta, Vaka Rögnvaldsdóttir, Sigríður L. Guðmundsdóttir, Rúna Stefánsdóttir, Soffia M. Hrafnkelsdóttir, Sunna Gestsdóttir, Sigurbjörn A. Arngrímsson, Kong Y. Chen and Erlingur Jóhannsson

.1590/1980-5497201600020011 Kim , M. , Sasai , H. , Kojima , N. , & Kim , H. ( 2015 ). Objectively measured night-to-night sleep variations are associated with body composition in very elderly women . Journal of Sleep Research, 24 ( 6 ), 639 – 647 . PubMed ID: 26250860 doi:10.1111/jsr.12326 Knutson , K

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Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

). Other characteristics that may alter responsiveness to some supplements include sex and training status/athletic caliber. Males and females differ in many ways that are important for sports nutrition outcomes—for example, body size, body composition, and hormonal profiles that affect metabolism. Just as

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

.1123/ijsn.3.1.29 10.1123/ijsn.3.1.29 Sundgot-Borgen , J. , & Garthe , I. ( 2011 ). Elite athletes in aesthetic and Olympic weight-class sports and the challenge of body weight and body composition . Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 , 101 – 114 . PubMed doi:10.1080/02640414.2011.565783 10

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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

.pone.0160480 23. Ethun K . Chapter 9—Sex and gender differences in body composition, lipid metabolism, and glucose regulation . In: Neigh GN , Mitzelfelt MM , eds. Sex Differences in Physiology . Boston, MA : Academic Press ; 2016 : 145 – 165 . 10.1016/B978-0-12-802388-4.00009-4 24. Boning D

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Tomohiro Yasuda

.08.015 24094646 22. Abe T , Kawakami Y , Suzuki Y , Gunji A , Fukunaga T . Effects of 20 days bed rest on muscle morphology . J Gravit Physiol . 1997 ; 4 : S10 – S14 . PubMed ID: 11541170 11541170 23. Abe T , Kondo M , Kawakami Y , Fukunaga T . Prediction equations for body

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

development of diseases associated with physical inactivity. 96 The health-related components of physical fitness are cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, body composition, and flexibility. 97 A recent systematic review of the relationship between the 20-m shuttle run

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Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall and Louise M. Burke

changes in body composition, each athlete’s energy intake was set to provide energy availability of ∼40 kcal·kg lean BM −1 ·day −1 . The real-world experience of a loss of fat mass of ∼1–1.5 kg over the 4-week period of diet intervention and testing was permitted, and each athlete could request additional