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Karin Lobenius-Palmér, Birgitta Sjöqvist, Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf and Lars-Olov Lundqvist

The beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) on health for both children and adults are well known ( Strong et al., 2005 ; World Health Organization [WHO], 2010 ). In parallel, there is emerging evidence that sedentary behavior has an important negative influence on various health indicators

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

Wrist-worn accelerometry has become a feasible option for the objective measurement of physical activity in large-scale epidemiological studies, such as Pelotas birth cohorts, the UK Biobank, and Whitehall II ( da Silva et al., 2014 ; Doherty et al., 2017 ; Menai et al., 2017 ). Additionally

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Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Maria I. Maraki, Eleni Karfopoulou, Yannis Koutras, Stavrie Chrysostomou, Costas A. Anastasiou, Stavros A. Kavouras and Mary Yannakoulia

Recent guidelines strongly recommend high levels of physical activity for retaining weight loss and mitigating weight regain. 1 , 2 Existing evidence suggests that successful postdieters more or less abide by this guidance: maintainers exercise for 30 to 60 minutes per day 3 , 4 and engage in

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Maureen R. Weiss, Lindsay E. Kipp, Alison Phillips Reichter, Sarah M. Espinoza and Nicole D. Bolter

This manuscript introduces our comprehensive project evaluating the effectiveness of Girls on the Run , a physical activity-based youth development program. Considerable evidence reveals the many health benefits of regular physical activity for children and youth, including cardiorespiratory

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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

Physical activity (PA) can prevent many of the negative outcomes associated with aging such as bone loss, risk of cardiovascular disease, and arthritis ( Shephard, 1997 ). It also induces many positive psychological outcomes such as improved mental health and mood ( Sonstroem, Harlow, & Josephs

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Taru Manyanga, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Ade F. Adeniyi, Jasmin Bhawra, Catherine E. Draper, Tarun R. Katapally, Asaduzzaman Khan, Estelle Lambert, Daga Makaza, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, Narayan Subedi, Riaz Uddin, Dawn Tladi and Mark S. Tremblay

Evidence from studies conducted mainly in countries with high or very high human development indices (HDIs) show that regular physical activity among children and youth is associated with physical, psychosocial, and cognitive well-being, 1 decreased adiposity, 2 , 3 improved academic achievement

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Meghan Edwards and Paul Loprinzi

associated with AIP, in order to develop and implement the most effective risk reduction strategies. Physical activity has been shown to favorably associate with HDL-C 6 and triglycerides 7 and is well understood to inversely associate with CVD risk. 8 , 9 Recent experimental work has also demonstrated an

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Heidi J. Syväoja, Anna Kankaanpää, Jouni Kallio, Harto Hakonen, Janne Kulmala, Charles H. Hillman, Anu-Katriina Pesonen and Tuija H. Tammelin

raised concerns about the effects of a physically inactive lifestyle on children’s health during maturation and across the lifespan, as physical activity (PA) continues to decrease and sedentary time (ST) continues to increase from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. 5 , 6 The association of a

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Jemima C. John, Shreela V. Sharma, Deanna Hoelscher, Michael D. Swartz and Chuck Huber

Physical activity (PA) provides numerous health benefits, such as risk reduction for various chronic diseases, improved cardiovascular and metabolic function, and weight regulation. 1 – 5 PA engagement has also been linked to sound mental health and improved daily functioning 6 – 9 ; individuals

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Johannes Carl, Gorden Sudeck and Klaus Pfeifer

There is convincing evidence that physical activity (PA) is a key mechanism for the maintenance or promotion of individuals’ health. 1 Importantly, the beneficial effects of PA not only refer to the areas of physiology 2 and disease prevention 3 but also to social interactions 4 and mental well