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Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J. Brook and Chris Durall

programs incorporate actual CrossFit exercises into their workout programs, which make them a valuable comparison. More traditional army PT consists of warm-up and stretching exercises followed by calisthenics, push-ups, sit-ups, some sprint training, and group long-distance running. 3 Participation in

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Nickolai Martonick, Kimber Kober, Abigail Watkins, Amanda DiEnno, Carmen Perez, Ashlie Renfro, Songah Chae and Russell Baker

restrict excessive range of motion (eg, sudden ankle perturbation) through braces and nonelastic tape applications. 2 However, investigators have begun to examine the hypothesized effects of elastic tape on the stimulation of mechanoreceptors through skin stretch to facilitate proprioception; thus

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Flávia Cavalcante Monteiro Melo, Kátia Kamila Félix de Lima, Ana Paula Knackfuss Freitas Silveira, Kesley Pablo Morais de Azevedo, Isis Kelly dos Santos, Humberto Jefferson de Medeiros, José Carlos Leitão and Maria Irany Knackfuss

specific speed, strength can be classified as concentric, when muscle fibers contract and are shortened; eccentric when characterized by the stretching of the fibers in a controlled manner; and isometric when the muscle contracts generating strength without performing movement. It can be measured through

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Erica M. Willadsen, Andrea B. Zahn and Chris J. Durall

(stretching, strengthening, plyometric exercise, and sports-specific agility drills) to address proprioceptive and biomechanical deficits that are often seen in young female athletes. Mandelbaum et al 6 found that the PEP group sustained 4 ACL tears (0.13 incidence rate) at the 2-year follow-up, whereas the

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Yuko Kuramatsu, Yuji Yamamoto and Shin-Ichi Izumi

unable to use perceptual redundancy and complementarity as effectively as healthy participants. The sensory tests revealed that some participants with hemiparesis had mild to severe somatosensory defects. Others, who showed no somatosensory defects during the test, displayed an exaggerated stretch reflex

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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

eye–hand coordination with reaction time and cognitive processing speed. Each lesson began with a 10-min warm-up (moderate cardiovascular activity and static and dynamic stretching), followed by a 30-min movement game. Bouts ended with a water break, slight cool down with cardiovascular activity, and

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Jessica G. Hunter, Alexander M.B. Smith, Lena M. Sciarratta, Stephen Suydam, Jae Kun Shim and Ross H. Miller

force plates on a 12-m straight stretch of the track defined the motion capture space. The participants performed a static calibration trial by standing still with their feet shoulder-width apart and shoulders abducted to 90° for 10 seconds. Calibration markers were removed for movement trials, and the

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Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron J. Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona L. Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, K. Wolfgang Kallus, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter and Jürgen Beckmann

, resistance vs endurance), specific outcome measures, and the CWI interventions used in these studies. Potential short-term recovery benefits, but undetermined long-term adaptation and performance effects, also apply to other popular recovery interventions (eg, contrast water therapy, stretching, whole

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

for your health”). Finally, a finding that stretched across 3 audiences (parents, kids, and teens) was that these participants reported liking messages that describe how physical activity can improve sleep, help them manage stress, and improve school performance. Table 3 Physical Activity Message

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Matthew Booth, Jacob Powell, Patrick O. McKeon and Jennifer M. Medina McKeon

VSSv = 10.2 ± 6.6 Schneider et al. 13 males = 11; females = 4 males = 7; females = 9 8-week intervention for both groups, weekly appointments with physiotherapist Both groups : Treatment included ROM exercises, stretching, postural reeducation, rest, and HEP included with exercise diary Experimental