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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

.pone.0160480 23. Ethun K . Chapter 9—Sex and gender differences in body composition, lipid metabolism, and glucose regulation . In: Neigh GN , Mitzelfelt MM , eds. Sex Differences in Physiology . Boston, MA : Academic Press ; 2016 : 145 – 165 . 10.1016/B978-0-12-802388-4.00009-4 24. Boning D

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Tomohiro Yasuda

.08.015 24094646 22. Abe T , Kawakami Y , Suzuki Y , Gunji A , Fukunaga T . Effects of 20 days bed rest on muscle morphology . J Gravit Physiol . 1997 ; 4 : S10 – S14 . PubMed ID: 11541170 11541170 23. Abe T , Kondo M , Kawakami Y , Fukunaga T . Prediction equations for body

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

development of diseases associated with physical inactivity. 96 The health-related components of physical fitness are cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, body composition, and flexibility. 97 A recent systematic review of the relationship between the 20-m shuttle run

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Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall and Louise M. Burke

changes in body composition, each athlete’s energy intake was set to provide energy availability of ∼40 kcal·kg lean BM −1 ·day −1 . The real-world experience of a loss of fat mass of ∼1–1.5 kg over the 4-week period of diet intervention and testing was permitted, and each athlete could request additional

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Sigridur L. Gudmundsdottir

; 1992 . 34. Stefansdottir R , Rognvaldsdottir V , Chen KY , et al . Does a More Flexible School Schedule Affect Objectively Measured Sleep, Physical Activity, and Body Composition in Icelandic youth? (abstract). Health Across Lifespan ; 2018 . Magdeburg, Germany . 35. Suppiah HT , Low

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Mette Rørth, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Prue Cormie, John L. Oliffe and Julie Midtgaard

). Efficacy of recreational football on bone health, body composition, and physical functioning in men with prostate cancer undergoing androgen deprivation therapy: 32-week follow-up of the FC prostate randomised controlled trial . Osteoporosis International, 27 ( 4 ), 1507 – 1518 . PubMed ID: 26572756

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Xiaolin Yang, Irinja Lounassalo, Anna Kankaanpää, Mirja Hirvensalo, Suvi P. Rovio, Asko Tolvanen, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Harri Helajärvi, Sanna H. Palomäki, Kasper Salin, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli T. Raitakari and Tuija H. Tammelin

, 2016. 28. McVeigh J , Smith A , Howie E , Straker L . Trajectories of television watching from childhood to early adulthood and their association with body composition and mental health outcomes in young adults . PLoS ONE . 2016 ; 11 ( 4 ): e0152879 . PubMed ID: 27097324 doi:10

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) that exercised ≥3x/week (217 (13) min/week) volunteered to participate in the baseline measurements. Body composition was determined by iDXA (GE LUNAR iDXA Narrow-Angle Dual Energy X-ray Densitometer), and strength by handgrip (dynamometer). Performance measures were determined by jump height (400S

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Silvia A. González, Joel D. Barnes, Patrick Abi Nader, Dolores Susana Andrade Tenesaca, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Karla I. Galaviz, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Piyawat Katewongsa, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Bilyana Mileva, Angélica María Ochoa Avilés, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam and Mark S. Tremblay

that indicate at least two-thirds of the children in the International Children’s Accelerometry Database exceeded 2 hours of recreational screen time per day. 59 These findings are concerning given the associations of excessive screen time with reduced fitness, unfavorable body composition, and lower

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Graeme L. Close, Craig Sale, Keith Baar and Stephane Bermon

. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105 , 136 – 143 . PubMed ID: 27852613 doi:10.3945/ajcn.116.138594 10.3945/ajcn.116.138594 Stellingwerff , T. ( 2018 ). Case study: Body composition periodization in an Olympic-level female middle-distance runner over a 9-year career . International