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Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

40279-015-0323-x 10.1007/s40279-015-0323-x Branch , J.D. ( 2003 ). Effect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: A meta-analysis . International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 13 ( 2 ), 198 – 226 . doi:10.1123/ijsnem.13.2.198 10.1123/ijsnem.13

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Neil Armstrong

including a variable related to body composition in their prediction equation is critical, and the equation developed includes total number of laps completed during the PACER, body mass index, and the interaction between sex and age. Scott et al ( 47 ) conclude that their prediction equation can be used

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Peter Peeling, Linda M. Castell, Wim Derave, Olivier de Hon and Louise M. Burke

. untrained muscles . Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 ( 2 ), 204 – 209 . doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01033.2013 10.1152/japplphysiol.01033.2013 Branch , J.D. ( 2003 ). Effect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: A meta-analysis . International Journal of Sport Nutrition and

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Ricardo J.S. Costa, Beat Knechtle, Mark Tarnopolsky and Martin D. Hoffman

– 690 . PubMed ID: 11282312 doi:10.1016/S1095-6433(01)00274-4 10.1016/S1095-6433(01)00274-4 Schütz , U.H. , Billich , C. , König , K. , Würslin , C. , Wiedelbach , H. , Brambs , H.J. , & Machann , J. ( 2013 ). Characteristics, changes and influence of body composition during a 4486 km

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Dawn C. Mackey, Alexander D. Perkins, Kaitlin Hong Tai, Joanie Sims-Gould and Heather A. McKay

Research and Public Health, 9 ( 7 ), 2454 – 2478 . PubMed ID: 22851954 doi:10.3390/ijerph9072454 10.3390/ijerph9072454 Simonsick , E.M. , Newman , A.B. , Visser , M. , Goodpaster , B. , Kritchevsky , S.B. , Rubin , S. , . . . Health, Aging and Body Composition Study . ( 2008 ). Mobility

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Brice T. Cleland and Sheila Schindler-Ivens

). However, post hoc analyses of descriptive data suggest that differences in body composition may not explain the observed sex differences. We found no differences between males and females with respect to mass or BMI. Moreover, PASSIVE individuals had lower values for mass and BMI compared with NONPASSIVE

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Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke

postexercise environment (i.e., food/beverage access), immediate requirements for other recovery purposes (e.g., refueling and adaptation) and overall body composition goals are important contextual considerations. Drinking large volumes of fluid can be challenging in the short term, especially if the athlete

Open access

Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Patrick Abi Nader, Ade F. Adeniyi, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Dolores S. Andrade Tenesaca, Jasmin Bhawra, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Catherine E. Draper, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Karla I. Galaviz, Silvia A. González, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Katariina Kämppi, Tarun R. Katapally, Piyawat Katewongsa, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Asaduzzaman Khan, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Estelle Lambert, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Juan López-Taylor, Yang Liu, Daga Makaza, Taru Manyanga, Bilyana Mileva, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Pairoj Saonuam, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Natasha Schranz, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Narayan Subedi, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Dawn Tladi, Richard Tyler, Riaz Uddin, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Ching-Lin Wu, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

inactivity. 85 Cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, body composition, and flexibility are the health-related components of physical fitness. 86 The Global Matrix 3.0 evaluated the Physical Fitness indicator for the first time, and 27 countries were unable to find available

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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland and Alex V. Rowlands

well-designed, and the lower VO 2 max in the postterm group (by an average of 3.3 ml/kg fat-free mass) could not be explained by differences in body composition, habitual physical activity, socioeconomic status, or test motivation (identical values of maximal heart rate). Blood pressure and workload