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Susan Paudel, Alice J. Owen, Stephane Heritier and Ben J. Smith

Regular physical activity (PA) has a range of health, social, and economic benefits. It reduces the risk of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancer, hypertension, and obesity. 1 PA has positive effects on mental health, especially depression and anxiety, mostly from

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Mohammad Sahebkar, Hamid Heidarian Miri, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Amir Tiyuri, Reza Pakzad, Nasrin Mansournia, Zahra Heidari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia and Emmanuel Stamatakis

Physical activity (PA) has well-established health benefits; low PA level is one of the most prevalent risk factors for noncommunicable disease worldwide. Regular PA has been shown to prevent cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, hypertension, obesity, and depression; studies have

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Bindu P. Gopalan, Mary Dias, Karthika Arumugam, Reena R. D’Souza, Mathew Perumpil, Prasanna Kulkarni, Udaykumar Ranga and Anita Shet

require a multidisciplinary approach with a focus on the physical, immunological, and emotional/psychological health ( 4 , 47 ). Regular physical activity is known to improve the physical fitness and mental health status of healthy adolescents ( 8 ). Also, physical activity complementing ART interventions

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

Physical activity is associated with multiple health benefits across the life course, 1 – 3 Regular activity has been shown to play a role in the primary and secondary prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and obesity. 2 In addition to these physical health

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Elin Ekblom-Bak, Örjan Ekblom, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin and Björn Ekblom

Despite the well-established knowledge that physical activity (PA) is important for health and longevity, the majority of the adult population does not meet current national guidelines. 1 , 2 Even if current PA level is known to have the greatest effect on health and physical performance in

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Nikita Rowley, James Steele, Matthew Wade, Robert James Copeland, Steve Mann, Gary Liguori, Elizabeth Horton and Alfonso Jimenez

What is Already Known on This Topic? • Physical activity (PA) is widely considered to be effective in the prevention, management, and treatment of many chronic health disorders, yet population PA levels are relatively low and have changed little in recent years. • Sufficient PA levels for health

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Artur Direito, Joseph J. Murphy, Matthew Mclaughlin, Jacqueline Mair, Kelly Mackenzie, Masamitsu Kamada, Rachel Sutherland, Shannon Montgomery, Trevor Shilton and on behalf of the ISPAH Early Career Network

Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a key risk factor for noncommunicable diseases, morbidity, and mortality globally, 1 leading to large health care costs and productivity losses. 2 Despite the wealth of research on effective interventions (eg, mass media campaigns, urban design, social

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Elena López-Cañada, José Devís-Devís, Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Sofía Pereira-García, Jorge Fuentes-Miguel and Víctor Pérez-Samaniego

Participation in leisure-time physical activity and sport (PAS) is a current global public health concern due to their short- and long-term biological and psychosocial benefits, and their positive impact on well-being. 1 – 4 All persons and social groups, including sexual and gender minorities

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Janet E. Fulton, David M. Buchner, Susan A. Carlson, Deborah Borbely, Kenneth M. Rose, Ann E. O’Connor, Janelle P. Gunn and Ruth Petersen

Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are leading causes of death in the United States. 1 Nearly half of adults live with a chronic disease. 2 The United States spends more than 80% of health care dollars on people with chronic medical conditions. 2 Physical activity can reduce the risk of

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Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

; Moore et al., 2012 ). Physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB), and sleep, in particular, are three lifestyle factors with the potential to impact health and well-being in older adults ( Buman et al., 2014 ; Mekary, Willett, Hu, & Ding, 2009 ). These three behaviors can also be characterized by