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Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio and Laura E. Middleton

Organization, 2007 ). Low intrinsic motivation is a major barrier to exercise across all ages and abilities ( Franco et al., 2014 ; Martins, Marques, Sarmento, & Carreiro da Costa, 2015 ). It is reasonable to think that apathy, a common symptom of dementia ( David et al., 2012 ), could accentuate low

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Louise M. Burke, Linda M. Castell, Douglas J. Casa, Graeme L. Close, Ricardo J. S. Costa, Ben Desbrow, Shona L. Halson, Dana M. Lis, Anna K. Melin, Peter Peeling, Philo U. Saunders, Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo, Oliver C. Witard, Stéphane Bermon and Trent Stellingwerff

-Doping Agency’s List, which are sometimes present as contaminants or undeclared ingredients. However, major organizations and expert bodies now recognize that a pragmatic approach to supplements and sports foods is needed in the face of the evidence that some products (previously mentioned) can usefully

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Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

and public health practice ( World Health Organization, 2016a ). In terms of health promotion and disease management, mobile devices have been incorporated into interventions involving both physical (in)activity and sleep, albeit not focused on behavioral outcomes per se. There have been several

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Douglas J. Casa, Samuel N. Cheuvront, Stuart D. Galloway and Susan M. Shirreffs

performance and health, and by governing organizations when considering the rules and regulations of the sport or the timing of events. Everyday Hydration Assessment Optimal hydration reflects a physical state of having normal body water and electrolytes, and it is an assumed starting point for most of the

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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

recommendations for older adults and special populations. 1 The first edition of the guidelines was released in 2008, 2 and the second edition was released in November 2018. 1 , 3 Although federal physical activity guidance is relatively recent, guidelines from professional organizations touting the health

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Michael Wälchli, Jan Ruffieux,, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller and Wolfgang Taube

on a small surface, standing on wobbling surfaces, etc. 9 and 10 Competitive balance games 2 Children competed against each other or tried to outperform their previous scores in different balance exercises. The organization form was varied (1 against 1, 2 against 2, groups against each other

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Bindu P. Gopalan, Mary Dias, Karthika Arumugam, Reena R. D’Souza, Mathew Perumpil, Prasanna Kulkarni, Udaykumar Ranga and Anita Shet

Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. All the children were on ART containing 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and 1 nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor in World Health Organization clinical stage 1 or 2. The baseline characteristics of the study participants are presented in Table  1 . Table 1

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Sigridur L. Gudmundsdottir

with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest, or nonfinancial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript. S.L.G. received funding, designed and executed the study, performed the statistical analyses, and wrote the manuscript. References 1

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Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

2007 by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. As illness data have increased ( Hellard et al., 2015 ; Svendsen et al., 2015 ), organizations, including the International Olympic Committee and the International Associations of Athletics Federations, have initiated acute illness surveillance systems to improve

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Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

involvement of these variables is provided in Table  3 , as well as other specific reviews on dietary standardization prior to performance trials ( Jeacocke & Burke, 2010 ), external sources of motivation ( Halperin et al., 2015 ), and the organization of reliable and valid measurements of performance