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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

recommendations for older adults and special populations. 1 The first edition of the guidelines was released in 2008, 2 and the second edition was released in November 2018. 1 , 3 Although federal physical activity guidance is relatively recent, guidelines from professional organizations touting the health

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Sigridur L. Gudmundsdottir

with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest, or nonfinancial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript. S.L.G. received funding, designed and executed the study, performed the statistical analyses, and wrote the manuscript. References 1

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Bindu P. Gopalan, Mary Dias, Karthika Arumugam, Reena R. D’Souza, Mathew Perumpil, Prasanna Kulkarni, Udaykumar Ranga and Anita Shet

Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. All the children were on ART containing 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and 1 nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor in World Health Organization clinical stage 1 or 2. The baseline characteristics of the study participants are presented in Table  1 . Table 1

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Douglas J. Casa, Samuel N. Cheuvront, Stuart D. Galloway and Susan M. Shirreffs

performance and health, and by governing organizations when considering the rules and regulations of the sport or the timing of events. Everyday Hydration Assessment Optimal hydration reflects a physical state of having normal body water and electrolytes, and it is an assumed starting point for most of the

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

performed moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA). In addition to reducing the risk of dementia, physical activity improves several components of cognition, including executive function (ie, the organization of everyday activities, planning for the future, and self-regulation of impulsive

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Ronald J. Maughan, Susan M. Shirreffs and Alan Vernec

. • Seek guidance from your anti-doping organization about recent information on contaminated or dangerous products in your part of the world (e.g., USA Anti-Doping Agency High Risk List). It must be emphasized that these steps will not eliminate completely the risk of ingesting a prohibited substance, but

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Mark Messina, Heidi Lynch, Jared M. Dickinson and Katharine E. Reed

of the paper. K. E. Reed, H. Lynch, and J. M. Dickinson have no conflicts. M. Messina is the executive director of the Soy Nutrition Institute, an organization that is partially funded by the soy industry. References Anthony , J.C. , Yoshizawa , F. , Anthony , T.G. , Vary , T.C. , Jefferson

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Maureen R. Weiss, Lindsay E. Kipp, Alison Phillips Reichter, Sarah M. Espinoza and Nicole D. Bolter

, stand up for self and others, and develop healthy connections with others ( www.girlsontherun.org ). Girls on the Run collaborates with elementary and middle schools to provide opportunities for all girls interested in participating. The organizational network consists of >200 councils serving more

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Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

2007 by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. As illness data have increased ( Hellard et al., 2015 ; Svendsen et al., 2015 ), organizations, including the International Olympic Committee and the International Associations of Athletics Federations, have initiated acute illness surveillance systems to improve

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Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

involvement of these variables is provided in Table  3 , as well as other specific reviews on dietary standardization prior to performance trials ( Jeacocke & Burke, 2010 ), external sources of motivation ( Halperin et al., 2015 ), and the organization of reliable and valid measurements of performance