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Lucy-Joy M. Wachira, Stella K. Muthuri, Mark S. Tremblay and Vincent O. Onywera


The report card presents available evidence on the physical activity (PA) and body weight status of Kenyan children and youth. It highlights areas where Kenya is succeeding and those in which more action is needed.


Comprehensive review and analysis of available data on core indicators for Kenyan children and youth 5−17 years were conducted. The grading system used was based on a set of specific criteria and existing grading schemes from similar report cards in other countries.


Of the 10 core indicators discussed, body composition was favorable (grade B) while overall PA levels, organized sport participation, and active play were assigned grades of C. Active transportation and sedentary behaviors were also favorable (grade B). Family/peers, school, governmental and nongovernmental strategies were graded C.


The majority of Kenyan children and youth have healthy body composition levels and acceptable sedentary time, but are not doing as well in attaining the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation on PA. Although Kenya seems to be doing well in most indicators compared with some developed countries, there is a need for action to address existing trends toward unhealthy lifestyles. More robust and representative data for all indicators are required.

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Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

Action If this special issue sparks an interest in you, please act on your passion. Conduct research and practice in this area. Be an advocate for a safe workplace. Institutions where sexual harassment festers—athletic organizations, colleges, businesses—should form mutual partnerships with advocates of

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Alan L. Smith and Daniel Gould

believe that the ISYS has played an important role in the development and direction of youth sport scholarship. We then provide an overview of the organization and contents of this special issue. The issue addresses a broad range of topics and critical issues in contemporary youth sport that have bearing

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Pazit Levinger and Keith D. Hill

contributed to $13.7 billion in productivity losses, and physical inactivity was responsible for 13.4 million disability-adjusted life-years worldwide. 3 To tackle the concerning level of physical inactivity worldwide, the World Health Organization released an action plan to promote physical activity, with a

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Soultana Macridis, Christine Cameron, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Tala Chulak-Bozzer, Patricia Clark, Margie H. Davenport, Guy Faulkner, Jonathon Fowles, Lucie Lévesque, Michelle M. Porter, Ryan E. Rhodes, Robert Ross, Elaine Shelton, John C. Spence, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Nora Johnston

questions, methods, and the way in which information is obtained and interpreted within real-world practice, and has the potential to increase awareness, knowledge, and beliefs on issues across large populations. ParticipACTION ( is recognized as a national nonprofit organization that

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George B. Cunningham, Erin Buzuvis and Chris Mosier

bathroom bill, although lawmakers repealed the mandate later in 2017 ( Berman & Phillips, 2017 ). Even though the bathroom bills ultimately failed, the effects on transgender individuals were nevertheless lasting. Consider data from the Trevor Project—an organization that offers suicide-prevention services

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

Alaska Native youth range from 25% to 31%, depending on the age group. 15 Although disparities are still present, collaboration among diverse institutions at the local level—such as government agencies, hospitals, school districts, nongovernmental organizations, and faith-based organizations—have proven

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Eric Tsz-Chun Poon, John O’Reilly, Sinead Sheridan, Michelle Mingjing Cai and Stephen Heung-Sang Wong

’Reilly et al., 2016 ). Based on World Health Organization classifications ( Brown & Josse, 2002 ), three levels of bone condition (normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis) can be determined from the DXA T score. Serum Hormonal Markers Early-morning-fasted blood samples (10 ml) were acquired by a qualified

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Alison Griffin, Tim Roselli and Susan L. Clemens

It is widely accepted that achieving sufficient levels of physical activity (PA) is important for good health and that insufficient PA contributes significantly to the overall burden of disease and healthcare costs. The World Health Organization Global Action Plan on PA states that “. . . regular

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Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

. Thus, it is critical to refer the athlete to a clinical sport psychologist who has experience in identifying trauma in sports. If the sport organization does not have such a referral source, one should be sought out immediately. The American Psychological Association provides a resource to find a local