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Wycliffe W. Simiyu Njororai

Association football is one of the most popular sports with more than 265 million players worldwide and 209 national associations. The climax on the calendar is the FIFA World Cup, an international football competition contested by the men’s national football teams of the member nations. This championship has been held every four years since the first tournament in 1930 with exceptions in 1942 and 1946 due to World War II. Women too have a World Cup tournament that started in 1991 and is held every four years. The purpose of this commentary is to analyze the downward trend in scoring at World Cup tournaments from 1930 to 2010, with the aim of providing coaches, educators and sport scientists with possible reasons for the decline.

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Ina Garthe and Ronald J. Maughan

Medicine, 38 ( 1 ), 133 – 140 . PubMed doi:10.1177/0363546509344071 10.1177/0363546509344071 Tscholl , P. , Junge , A. , & Dvorak , J. ( 2008 ). The use of medication and nutritional supplements during FIFA World Cups 2002 and 2006 . The British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42 ( 9 ), 725 – 730

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Dana M. Lis, Daniel Kings and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

, and maintaining optimal body composition are the most common nutrition challenges (Table  4 ; Norouzy et al., 2013 ). These challenges are magnified when Ramadan occurs across major sporting events (e.g., the Olympics, the FIFA World Cup). Competing in a non-Muslim country and requirements of weight