Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, the number of female coaches in the United States has grown due to an increased number of female sports offered at the collegiate level. However, the percent of female collegiate sports teams coached by women has dropped from 90% to 42.9% (Acosta & Carpenter, 2012) suggesting that female coaches are not benefiting from the growth in women’s athletic opportunities. The purpose of this project was to examine research articles published within the past 40 years that focused on female coaches to understand the female coaches’ experiences.
Angela Lumpkin, Judy Favor and Lacole McPherson
While the number of high school girls’ teams has dramatically increased since Title IX, the number of female head coaches has not. In the 10 most popular high school sports in 2011-2012, only three (volleyball, swimming and diving, and competitive spirit squads) had more than 44% female head coaches. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether females or males are coaching high school girls’ sport teams and whether female coaches are attaining head coaching positions in the most popular high school girls’ sports. Additionally, the study sought to understand better why males and females choose to become head coaches of high school girls’ sport teams and what factors might cause head high school girls’ coaches to resign from coaching. In the 21–30 age group, there were more female than male head coaches of girls’ teams, but after age 40, male head coaches vastly outnumbered female head coaches. Of the coaches with 12 or more years of experience, only 33% were females. Time away from family, player issues, inadequate compensation, and time away from other activities were the top reasons high school coaches might resign.
George B. Cunningham, Erin Buzuvis and Chris Mosier
address locker room inclusion. The three primary legal grounds that have been used to challenge the exclusion of transgender users from locker rooms and other intimate facilities like bathrooms are Title IX, the Constitution’s Equal Protection Clause, and state law. Title IX is federal law that prohibits
Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett
assault. No charges were filed, however, in 2016, the university paid $950,000 to settle a lawsuit brought by the victim alleging a violation of Title IX by FSU in handling her complaint. Winston was later accused of groping an Uber driver and was suspended three games of the 2018 season by the NFL. In
Nicole M. LaVoi, Jennifer E. McGarry and Leslee A. Fisher
civil rights for girls and women in sport due to Title IX, it appears that the United States lags behind other countries in terms of mentorship, programming, development, and organizational policies. The work being done in Canada and Western Europe will guide knowledge in how to develop women coaches