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Catherine Draper, Susan Basset, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V. Lambert and the HAKSA Writing Group

Background:

There is current concern for the health and well-being of children and youth in South Africa, including habits of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior. The 2014 Healthy Active Kids South Africa Report Card evaluates the current activity status of children and youth.

Methods:

The Research Working Group was comprised of 23 experts in physical education, nutrition, sport science, public health and journalism. The search was based on a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature (previous 5 years), dissertations, and nonpeer-reviewed reports (‘gray’ literature) dealing with the PA and nutritional status of South African children and youth 6−18 years of age. Key indicators were identified and data extracted. Grades for each indicator were discussed and assigned.

Results:

Overall PA levels received a D grade, as roughly 50% or more of children and youth were not meeting recommended levels. Organized sports participation fared better with a C, and government policies were promising, receiving a B. Screen time and sedentary behavior were a major concern and received a grade of F. Under- and over-weight were highlighted, but overweight is on the rise and this indicator was assigned a D grade. Most of the other indicators in South Africa remained the same or became worse so that grades declined from C- to D. In particular, sedentary behavior, soft-drink and fast food consumption, and an ineffectual regulatory environment to control advertising to children were a concern. There is need to engage parents and communities for advocacy and social mobilization.

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Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Maria I. Maraki, Eleni Karfopoulou, Yannis Koutras, Stavrie Chrysostomou, Costas A. Anastasiou, Stavros A. Kavouras and Mary Yannakoulia

Design and Population The MedWeight study is a registry of weight loss maintainers and regainers, aiming to investigate lifestyle factors and behaviors that contribute to weight loss maintenance. We recruited participants through local and media advertising, using the study’s website ( http

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Neil Armstrong

childhood and adolescence are sparse—reflected by the observation that despite advertising an invited review, there were no original research submissions on pulmonary V ˙ O 2 kinetics in the Call for Papers for this Special Issue. Mel McNarry ( 35 ) focuses her invited review on pulmonary V ˙ O 2

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

students has been inconsistent. 50 However, a number of correlates have been identified, for example, individual factors, social networks, the physical environment, and advertising and media, which may influence both behaviors in college students. 50 Educational institutions present an ideal vehicle for

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Colin J. Lewis, Simon J. Roberts, Hazel Andrews and Rebecca Sawiuk

goes on to comment that “contemporary film, advertising, popular literature and periodicals, and countless other media objectify the female body as sexy, passive flesh . . . making them desirable”; a point echoed by Rogan et al. ( 2016 ) in relation to marketing in the night time economy. Sport has