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Frank B. Butts

Martens, O’Connor, & Beck (2006) reported problematic drinking on college campuses to be a considerable concern and that athletes have more binge drinking episodes and alcohol-related problems than non-athlete students. Wechsler, Davenport, Dowdall, Grossman, & Zanakos (1997) reported that athletes in NCAA Division I have the most alcohol related issues as evidenced by 29% of male and 24% of female athletes reported binge drinking three or more times in a two week period. To address this concern, this study incorporated a 12-month, NCAA (2008) Choices alcohol responsibility program at a NCAA II university which involved peer mentoring, education, and alcohol-free activities. The results indicated a significant decline in binge drinking and associated problems among athletes after treatment.

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Susan Paudel, Alice J. Owen, Stephane Heritier and Ben J. Smith

(version 2.2; Geneva, Switzerland). 17 In the first step, a questionnaire was used to collect information on demographic characteristics, tobacco and alcohol use, fruit and vegetable intake, PA, dietary salt, oral health, and history of blood pressure and diabetes. Anthropometric (weight, height, and

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Elin Ekblom-Bak, Örjan Ekblom, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin and Björn Ekblom

/day , 10–19 min/day , 20–29 min/day, or At least 30 min/day . Perceived Health and Covariates Data on perceived overall health and overall stress, as well as on diet, smoking, and alcohol habits were obtained from the questionnaire responses. Perceived overall health was assessed using the statement: I

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Natasha Schranz, Vanessa Glennon, John Evans, Sjaan Gomersall, Louise Hardy, Kylie D. Hesketh, David Lubans, Nicola D. Ridgers, Leon Straker, Michalis Stylianou, Grant R. Tomkinson, Stewart Vella, Jenny Ziviani and Tim Olds

Australian Children (2015-17) 5 ; National Secondary Students’ Diet and Activity Survey (2012/13). 6 State/Territory — ACT Year 6 PA & Nutrition Survey (ACTPANS) (2015) 7 ; Australian Secondary Students’ Alcohol and Drug Survey (ASSAD) (2014) 8 ; NSW Child Health Survey (2015/16) 9 & Secondary Schools

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David M. Shaw, Fabrice Merien, Andrea Braakhuis, Daniel Plews, Paul Laursen and Deborah K. Dulson

training per week, 12.3 ± 2.3 hr; weekly alcohol intake, 1.4 ± 1.2 standard units). All participants were informed of the rationale of the study, experimental procedures, and possible risks before providing their written consent. The study was approved by the health and disability ethics committee

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Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

dynamics that lead to Groupthink ( Janis, 1972 ) and deindividuation, drug/alcohol use, and a lack of consequences. Hence, this is why these must be addressed in comprehensive prevention programs. The most prolific models used to prevent sexual assault have centered upon Bystander Intervention models. This

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Baruch Vainshelboim, Zhongming Chen, Ricardo M. Lima and Jonathan Myers

, USA. All participants who underwent a treadmill exercise test at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System between 1987 and 2014 were considered for inclusion. Clinical information on diagnoses, risk factors, and health behaviors (smoking, alcohol, and drug abuse) was collected at the time of

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Kelsie M. Full, Eileen Johnson, Michelle Takemoto, Sheri J. Hartman, Jacqueline Kerr, Loki Natarajan, Ruth E. Patterson and Dorothy D. Sears

school or less, some college, college graduate, or graduate school). Additional information about lifestyle behaviors and health status collected from the baseline questionnaire included self-reported smoking status (never, former, and current), alcohol consumption in the past 3 months (yes or no), and

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Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

abuse comprise the highest percentage of individuals with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and they are significantly more likely to develop anxiety and depression, abuse drugs and alcohol, and attempt suicide ( Olafson, 2011 ). But victims extend beyond athletes and include fellow coaches and

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Ching T. Lye, Swarup Mukherjee and Stephen F. Burns

<1.7 mmol/L; free of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, not dieting, nonsmoker, consuming alcohol ≤3 times per week with ≤3 drinks per time by self-report, not using medication affecting lipid or carbohydrate metabolism, and no injuries restricting walking. The upper fasting TAG level reflected