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Alison Griffin, Tim Roselli and Susan L. Clemens

Background: Health benefits of physical activity (PA) accrue with small increases in PA, with the greatest benefits for those transitioning from inactivity to any level of PA. This study examined whether self-reported PA time in Queensland adults changed between 2004 and 2018. Methods: The Queensland government conducts regular cross-sectional telephone surveys. Between 2004 and 2018, adults aged 18–75 years answered identical questions about their weekly minutes of walking, moderate PA, and vigorous PA. Hurdle regression estimated the average annual change in weekly minutes of PA overall and by activity type, focusing on sociodemographic differences in trends. Results: The sample size averaged 1764 (2004–2008) and 10,188 (2009–2018), totaling 107,171 participants aged 18–75 years. Unadjusted PA increased by 10 minutes per week per year (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.8–11.1) overall, with increases for most subgroups. Adjusted PA increased by 10.5 minutes per week per year (95% CI, 9.4–11.7). Trends differed by employment—employed adults and those not in the labor force increased by 14.3 (95% CI, 12.8–15.8) and 2.2 minutes per week per year (95% CI, 0.4–4.0), respectively, with no increase for unemployed adults. The increases were due to both an increased prevalence of doing any activity and an increased average duration among active adults. Conclusions: Since 2004, PA time has increased for Queensland adults, with substantial variability by employment status.

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René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski and Néstor Duch-Brown

Increased levels of moderate and vigorous physical activity (PA) are beneficial for the general population, and therefore, recommended by public health institutions ( Department of Health and Human Services, 2008 ; World Health Organization, 2010 ). However, because getting people to be physically

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Jairo H. Migueles, Alex V. Rowlands, Florian Huber, Séverine Sabia and Vincent T. van Hees

questionnaire data ( Bell et al., 2015 ); 3) the association between moderate and vigorous physical activity and healthy aging was evident whether the activity was performed in short (<10 minutes) or long (≥10 minutes) bouts ( Menai et al., 2017 ). Results from the UK Biobank also showed 1) people with

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

use, eating patterns, and weight behaviors in a University population . Am J Health Behav . 2009 ; 33 ( 3 ): 227 – 237 . PubMed ID: 19063644 doi:10.5993/AJHB.33.3.1 10.5993/AJHB.33.3.1 10. Bray S , Born H . Transition to university and vigorous physical activity: implications for health and

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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland and Alex V. Rowlands

between 5,000 and 6,999 ActiGraph counts per minute (cpm) were most strongly associated with health; notably, this is higher than intensity cut-points frequently used for moderate and vigorous physical activity (eg, the cut-points for moderate and vigorous intensity using Evenson cut-points are 2,296 and

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-related health behaviors among survey participants, adjusting for various time-variant individual characteristics and environmental measures. Results: Ambient PM2.5 concentration was found to be negatively associated with total minutes of walking and vigorous physical activity in the last week, but positively