This presentation will share the results from a study conducted on college track and field athletes at the NCAA division II level. The study compares the results of scores on the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS) and, individual athlete’s improvements in their event area according to the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) scoring charts for track and field. A select group of primarily middle distance and distance runners was selected for the study. These athletes were given a baseline TOPS examination to evaluate their prior knowledge and use of mental skills in their athletic experiences. Personal best times in the athlete’s primary events were recorded from the previous year. During the nine weeks of the outdoor track and field season that this study took place; athletes were introduced to a wide array of activities associated with improving their mental skills. Such activities included goal setting, imagery, relaxation, optimum level of arousal, affirmations, and the use of positive self-talk and routines. Athletes would have an organized mental skills session at least twice each of the nine weeks of the season. Athletes also had an individual meeting with the coaches to go over goal setting and the use of their mental skills to enhance their physical skills. After the outdoor season was completed the athletes took a post-examination TOPS. The scores were compared with their pretest scores as well as their improvement in personal best times in their main events on the track.
Nathan Millikan, Dustin R. Grooms, Brett Hoffman and Janet E. Simon
, and visual and verbal memory in isolation and traditionally for concussion specifically, when in fact these neurocognitive deficits may influence neuromuscular control in the lower-extremity via changes in situational awareness, arousal, and attention. 35 Injury tends to occur when physical and
Romain Meeusen and Lieselot Decroix
fatigue. This revised central fatigue hypothesis suggests that an increase in central ratio of 5-HT to DA is associated with feelings of tiredness and lethargy, accelerating the onset of fatigue, whereas a low ratio favors improved performance through the maintenance of motivation and arousal (see
Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki
.1080/02701367.2011.10599808 10.1080/02701367.2011.10599808 Lambourne , K. , & Tomporowski , P. ( 2010 ). The effect of exercise-induced arousal on cognitive task performance: A meta-regression analysis . Brain Research, 1341 , 12 – 24 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2010.03.091 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.03.091 Miles , C
order. Before and after each condition participants completed the Children’s Feeling Scale and Felt Arousal Scale, plus computer-based tasks assessing attention/inhibition, visual-spatial working memory and verbal working memory. Results: Over 7,300 children (10.2 ± 0.7 years; 50% female) provided