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James A. Ashton-Miller and Ronald F. Zernicke

replacements and total knee replacements, the health care system in Alberta was failing to provide optimal arthroplasty surgeries for its citizens. Most patients had to wait more than 85 weeks for their arthroplasties, and during that extended wait, they frequently experienced decreased quality of life, high

Open access

Cameron J. Powden, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

the pain domain of the ASES. No response shift occurred in the functional ability domain. Razmjou et al 7 236 patients (82 males; 67 ± 10 y) Inclusion: candidates for total knee replacement arthroplasty Total knee replacement arthroplasty Baseline, 6 mo, and 1 y Then-test (6 mo and 1 y) WOMAC, SF36

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Hiroshi Takasaki, Yu Okubo and Shun Okuyama

-group difference in postintervention score, a target of 150°) Furuya et al 30 Responded RCT n = 30 (from 19 patients) • PNF (n = 14) • Control (n = 16) Eligibility • Patients undergoing knee arthroplasty (3 wk after the surgery) • Exclusion criteria: diseases of central nervous system, history of medical diagnosis

Open access

Justin L. Rush, Lindsey K. Lepley, Steven Davi and Adam S. Lepley

arthroplasty. 24 , 25 Theoretically, excitability of the areas directly below the electrodes can be manipulated, which may potentially increase neural activity to the peripheral muscle being used. As mentioned above, patients with ACLR exhibit deficits in excitability of the motor cortex, therefore, the

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Chunbo Liu

potent stimulus for improving locomotor muscle function in a variety of populations. These include patients with Parkinson’s disease, cancer survivors, total knee arthroplasty patients, individuals with anterior cruciate ligament injuries, elderly individuals, young healthy individuals, and athletes. The

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Rafael Squillantini, Brielle Ringle and Julie Cavallario

range of motion Exclusion: Suspicion of fracture based on the Ottawa knee rules, previous knee joint arthroplasty, suspicion of PCL involvement, knee surgery in the previous 6 months, or the presence of serious underlying nonmechanical pathology or systemic illness Inclusion: Patients with a chief

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Anna Lina Rahlf, Klaus-Michael Braumann and Astrid Zech

-1329361 23042045 36. Jakobsen TL , Christensen M , Christensen SS , Olsen M , Bandholm T . Reliability of knee joint range of motion and circumference measurements after total knee arthroplasty: does tester experience matter? Physiother Res Int . 2010 ; 15 ( 3 ): 126 – 134 . PubMed ID: 20024893

Open access

Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri and Morteza Taghipour

, arthroplasty, amputation, and so forth, were excluded. (3) Comparisons: Studies in which the kinematics of patients with LBP were compared with healthy control participants. Studies in which only healthy participants (without a control group) were recruited, were also included for this review. (4) Outcomes