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Yang Liu, Yan Tang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Jie Zhuang, Zheng Zhu, Xue-Ping Wu, Li-Juan Wang, Yu-Jun Cai, Jia-Lin Zhang and Pei-Jie Chen

of Education of China. 5 , 6 The PAFCTYS used a three-stage stratified cluster sampling design to sample a nationally representative group of schoolchildren among schools from 22 provinces, 4 municipalities, 5 autonomous regions, and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (an independent

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Hedda Berntsen and Elsa Kristiansen

. Conceptual Framework Used to Inform MAPS The purpose of MAPS was to train coaches on how to create a more need-supportive sport context for their athletes, ultimately leading to athletes’ autonomous functioning, performance, and well-being. SDT is of great interest for MAPS because one of its central tenets

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Dean Dudley, John Cairney and Jackie Goodway

Australia and the other from the United States, report on the Delphi processes that these countries have undertaken to operationalize physical literacy for educative purposes. The U.S. paper by Chelsee Shortt and colleagues operationalized physical literacy as an autonomous application of movement

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Blanca Roman-Viñas, Fabio Zazo, Jesús Martínez-Martínez, Susana Aznar-Laín and Lluís Serra-Majem

country of 17 autonomous regions, periodic data on physical activity is limited in most of them. Conclusion The proportion of Spanish children and youth who achieve the recommended levels of physical activity and screen time was low, especially among females. There is a need to harmonize the methods to

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Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen and Ørnulf N. Seippel

subsequent autonomous motivation ( Edmunds, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007 ; Mageau & Vallerand, 2003 ). To promote an autonomy-supportive climate, the PE teacher should be engaged, respectful of children’s perspectives, provide information-rich feedback on children’s competence, and promote choice and initiative

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Marcie Fyock, Nelson Cortes, Alex Hulse and Joel Martin

needs and performance. Individuals may move through the 3 stages of motor learning (cognitive, associative, and autonomous) at different rates; thus, the intervention may need to be adjusted accordingly. 15 Movements in the cognitive stage are characterized as slower, greater variability, less

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Mhairi K. MacLean and Daniel P. Ferris

, Herr HM . Autonomous exoskeleton reduces metabolic cost of human walking during load carriage . J Neuroeng Rehabil . 2014 ; 11 ( 1 ): 80 . doi:10.1186/1743-0003-11-80 24885527 10.1186/1743-0003-11-80 2. Cherry MS , Kota S , Young A , Ferris DP . Running with an elastic lower limb

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Timothy Mirabito, Robin Hardin and Joshua R. Pate

critical between the NCAA staff and conference staffs. Here within lies the recent communication breakdown between the NCAA and conferences that was brought to the forefront with the COVID-19 pandemic. There was also a communication gap between the conferences themselves, most notably the autonomous

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Bård Erlend Solstad, Andreas Ivarsson, Ellen Merethe Haug and Yngvar Ommundsen

, 1985 ; Ntoumanis, Taylor, & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, 2012 ). However, a recent SDT-based study has indicated that only autonomous motivation mediates the association between empathetic concern and helping behaviors, while controlled motivation had no such effect ( Pavey, Greitemeyer, & Sparks, 2012

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Andrew Hammond, Ruth Jeanes, Dawn Penney and Deana Leahy

neoliberal-able project to produce the capable, autonomous and self-sufficient human subject ( Goodley, 2014 ; Goodley et al., 2014 ). Under conditions of neoliberal-ableism, that swimmers with disability were positioned as defective. Coaches associated success with occasions when their athletes with