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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García and Victor Paredes-Hernández

program following a hamstring strain injury consisting of 13 items was designed. This program was validated by a panel of experts, and then applied to 19 male soccer players to determine the time taken to return to play. Participants Fifteen strength and conditioning and rehabilitation fitness coaches

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Paige Guild, Monica R. Lininger and Meghan Warren

Clinical Scenario: Female college student-athletes (SA) often experience time loss from musculoskeletal injuries to the lower extremities. This can lead to lengthy rehabilitation, expensive medical bills, and declines in health-related quality of life. Identifying at-risk athletes prior to the start of an athletic season may allow coaches or athletic trainers to prescribe an injury prevention program. Clinical Question: In female college SA, are preseason single leg hop (SLH) scores associated with identifying those at risk for lower-extremity musculoskeletal injuries? Summary of Key Findings: Five prospective cohort studies in female SA scored athletes on the SLH prior to the start of the athletic sport season. One of 5 studies found an association of SLH with injury risk. An additional 2 studies found that the SLH as part of a battery of functional performance tests was associated with injury risk in some anatomic locations (eg, thigh/knee), but not overall injury risk. Clinical Bottom Line: Methodological limitations of the reviewed studies limits a final conclusion, and there is insufficient evidence to determine if the SLH should be used as a sole functional performance test to identify at-risk female SA; it may be useful as part of a battery of functional performance tests for female college SA. Strength of Recommendation: All studies were prospective cohort studies (level 3).

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Marissa L. Mason, Marissa N. Clemons, Kaylyn B. LaBarre, Nicole R. Szymczak and Nicole J. Chimera

athletes. • Two of the studies 9 , 10 provided a full description of the raters. Dudley et al 9 included 5 raters: a physical therapist with a Doctor of Physical Therapy and 4 years of clinical experience, a certified strength and conditioning coach with 7 years of clinical experience, a certified

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Natalie Cook and Tamerah N. Hunt

best interest because of their health or they may not want to report because they worry about being removed from the game. Subjective norms are the perceived pressures to either perform or not perform a behavior. 9 An athlete may have influences like a coach or parent who encourages them to report

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Mayrena I. Hernandez, Kevin M. Biese, Dan A. Schaefer, Eric G. Post, David R. Bell and M. Alison Brooks

specialization also improves their chances to play on a travel, all-star, elite, or high school varsity team. Similar findings highlight that, for children, increased competition and pressure from parents, coaches, and peers at younger ages and lower levels of play, have become more prevalent reasons to

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Brittany M. Ingram, Melissa C. Kay, Christina B. Vander Vegt and Johna K. Register-Mihalik

return-to-play guidelines as outlined by the Zurich consensus statement on concussion in sport. 10 As stated in the National Athletic Trainer’s Association’s best practice guidelines, 11 athletic trainers should work to educate coaches and parents about concussions including potential mechanisms of

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Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J. Brook and Chris Durall

, Weisenthal et al 2 surveyed only “athlete-level” CrossFit participants, which the article defined as those individuals actively training in CrossFit-affiliated gyms and having some sort of coaching or supervision available. Athletes who performed “CrossFit” workouts in unsanctioned gyms were not included in

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Donald F. Kessler

their races. He invited me to come up to his training facility in Oregon where he could show me what he does. I took up his invitation to watch his athletes train and learn more details of his techniques. When I got there, I was expecting to sit back and watch the runners being coached. Instead, I sat

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Heidi A. Wayment, Ann H. Huffman, Monica Lininger and Patrick C. Doyle

-related experiences from the previous season (2015). Nearly one-quarter (23%) of the sample said they had reported their symptoms to a coach or athletic trainer. Eighteen percent of the players reported being diagnosed with a concussion in the current season (2016), a number that matched exactly with the records kept

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James A. Ashton-Miller and Ronald F. Zernicke

. If corroborated by others, its significance is that coaches, trainers, and athletes will know that the ACL has a material fatigue limit in terms of how many high-loading cycles it can withstand before failure. This is like the Little League Pitch Count in baseball that is used to protect young