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Madhura Phansikar and Sean P. Mullen

) and chronic LTPAs ( Weuve et al., 2004 ) have positive effects on cognition among older adults, and potential mechanisms for cognitive benefit range from an increase in cerebral blood flow to changes in brain structure and function ( Gligoroska & Manchevska, 2012 ). Among children, similar acute

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Justin B. Hollander, Ann Sussman, Peter Lowitt, Neil Angus and Minyu Situ

fields of spatial cognition, geographic information science cartography, and related fields. Additional studies have investigated eye tracking in a host of ways in the built environment. Torralba et al 16 used a contextual guidance model with a Bayesian framework to predict image region fixations by

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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

increase, and these in turn can strengthen the beliefs about the positive outcomes from engaging in PA ( Hall, 1995 ). Overall, these results suggest that self-regulatory imagery is a potentially powerful tool for influencing exercise-related cognitions. Higher levels of self-regulatory imagery were also

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

Improved walking, balance, and activities of daily living Frailty c Improved walking, balance, and activities of daily living Stroke c,d Improved walking, physical fitness, functional independence Improved cognition Spinal cord injury b Improved physical fitness Improved walking and wheel chair skills

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Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

.1080/00029238.1985.11080163 Curran , T. ( 2000 ). Brain potentials of recollection and familiarity . Memory & Cognition, 28 ( 6 ), 923 – 938 . PubMed doi:10.3758/BF03209340 10.3758/BF03209340 Curran , T. , & Cleary , A.M. ( 2003 ). Using ERPs to dissociate recollection from familiarity in picture recognition

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Ricky Camplain, Julie A. Baldwin, Meghan Warren, Carolyn Camplain, Monica R. Lininger and Robert T. Trotter

vigorous physical activity will reduce blood pressure, improve insulin sensitivity, improve sleep and cognition, and reduce symptoms of anxiety symptoms and anger. 3 Unfortunately, use of recreation time in the jail setting has not been described previously, thereby precluding an important area for policy

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Nicolas Hobson, Sherry L. Dupuis, Lora M. Giangregorio and Laura E. Middleton

’Connor, 2007 ; Van Alphen, Hortobágyi, & van Heuvelen, 2016 ). Despite the broad benefits of exercise, persons living with MCI or dementia remain less physically active than older adults with healthy cognition ( McGuire, 2014 ), who are themselves often inactive. Despite the low exercise participation among

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Keith R. Lohse

. PsyArXiv . doi:10.31234/ Thelen , E. , & Smith , L.B. ( 1996 ). A dynamic systems approach to the development of cognition and action .  Cambridge, MA : MIT press . Vazire , S. ( 2017 ). Quality uncertainty erodes trust in science . Collabra: Psychology, 3 ( 1 ), 1 . doi:10

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Yolanda Barrado-Martín, Michelle Heward, Remco Polman and Samuel R. Nyman

exercise ( Chong et al., 2014 ; Suttanon et al., 2012 ), or the perceived benefits, including the value of research and the potential reduction of caregiver burden ( Suttanon et al., 2012 ) and the expected impact on cognition ( Chong et al., 2014 ). Interventions designed to enhance well-being among

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Taru Manyanga, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Ade F. Adeniyi, Jasmin Bhawra, Catherine E. Draper, Tarun R. Katapally, Asaduzzaman Khan, Estelle Lambert, Daga Makaza, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, Narayan Subedi, Riaz Uddin, Dawn Tladi and Mark S. Tremblay

. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab . 2016 ; 41 ( 6, suppl 3 ): S197 – S239 . PubMed ID: 27306431 doi:10.1139/apnm-2015-0663 27306431 10.1139/apnm-2015-0663 4. Donnelly JE , Lambourne K . Classroom-based physical activity, cognition, and academic achievement . Prev Med . 2011 ; 52 ( suppl 1 ): S36 – S42