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Jesús Seco-Calvo, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, César Calvo-Lobo and Alfredo Córdova

’s medical doctor, followed a similar diet throughout the competitive season, and especially during the study, according to the adequacy of nutrient intakes in elite basketball players. 25 Concomitant health problems were ruled out by reviewing clinical reports and the medical examination. Participants and

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Kyle McDonald

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Ryan Morrison, Kyle M. Petit, Chris Kuenze, Ryan N. Moran and Tracey Covassin

tested at ranges up to 15 days. 9 Similarly, an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC 2,1 ) of .92 was found for the BTrackS, indicating excellent test–retest reliability. 9 Research has yet to examine the effects of a competitive athletic season on BTrackS outcomes. Balance assessments have been

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Philo U. Saunders, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Robert F. Chapman and Julien D. Périard

hypoxic stimulus, rather than performing high-intensity training. Low- to moderate-altitude training during a competitive season has been used in elite middle-distance runners ( Saunders et al., 2009b ). In this particular study, seven runners lived at ∼1,800 m and did all their low- to moderate

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Ina Garthe and Ronald J. Maughan

possible if health is compromised. Illness or injury that requires periods of time out from training can disrupt preparations, and illness at the time of key competitions can ruin an athlete’s competitive season. Supplements that promise to enhance recovery, whether from illness, injury, or training, are

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Eric S. Rawson, Mary P. Miles and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

trivial effects on strength and fat free mass, especially in trained competitive athletes, and that effects on muscle damage (based on blood creatine kinase levels) were unclear ( Rowlands & Thomson, 2009 ; Sanchez-Martinez et al., 2017 ). Unfortunately, data on HMB supplementation are discrepant and

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Rosa M. Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin and Nicole Cosby

Clinical Scenario Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well as recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1000 patients is knee-related injury. 1 As noted, approximately 9% of these

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Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo and Majke Jorgensen

Sprint performance, or the ability to generate maximal velocities, is important to competitive success across a range of sports including athletics events and team sports. The latter are characterized by repeated high-intensity sprints. By contrast, the track sprinter is concerned only with

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Jennifer Sygo, Alicia Kendig Glass, Sophie C. Killer and Trent Stellingwerff

with explosive power to launch an athlete’s body weight horizontally or vertically. Therefore, jumpers must focus on power-to-weight ratio, particularly in the competitive phase, to optimize speed and ease of flight. From the beginning of the season, strength gains and the training load may increase LM