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Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen and Ørnulf N. Seippel

& Kvalø, 2007 ; Spray, Wang, Biddle, & Chatzisarantis, 2006 ; Standage, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2003 ). A challenge of studying the motivational mechanisms involved in inclusion in PE is the potential complexity of associations: many factors are involved, they can be combined in different ways, and several

Open access

Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

complexities of the individual, exposed to various stimuli (physical, emotional, and genetic), are probably much more complicated than most periodization purists would want to admit ( Kiely, 2018 ). Furthermore, the impact of nutrition on training adaptation and performance needs to be recognized. The 2007

Free access

Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García and Victor Paredes-Hernández

players from the diagnosis of the injury until return to play. The players would then perform 13 on-field items of the rehabilitation and readaptation program (Table  2 ) in a progressive manner, which are arranged in an increasing order of complexity. When the player completes each of the 13 items

Open access

Trent Stellingwerff, Ingvill Måkestad Bovim and Jamie Whitfield

support our nutritional recommendations. However, given the event group complexity and the numerous potential interventions, many of the other IAAF papers will be referenced, and this review will focus exclusively on key novel interventions for middle-distance athletes. Physiological and Bioenergetic

Open access

Lawrence W. Judge and David Bellar

The discus throw is a complex track and field event combining linear and angular motion. Success in the discus throw necessitates being strong and explosive; but due to the complexity of the event, throwers must be technically sound. The basic throwing technique employed by all discus throwers is similar, but variations are present due to anthropometrics, physical abilities, training, and error influences. Working with a Paralympic discus thrower, that has a physical disability, is a unique coaching challenge that makes it important to individualize the technical model to meet the physical abilities of the athlete.

Open access

William A. Sands, Ashley A. Kavanaugh, Steven R. Murray, Jeni R. McNeal and Monèm Jemni

Athlete preparation and performance continue to increase in complexity and costs. Modern coaches are shifting from reliance on personal memory, experience, and opinion to evidence from collected training-load data. Training-load monitoring may hold vital information for developing systems of monitoring that follow the training process with such precision that both performance prediction and day-to-day management of training become adjuncts to preparation and performance. Time-series data collection and analyses in sport are still in their infancy, with considerable efforts being applied in “big data” analytics, models of the appropriate variables to monitor, and methods for doing so. Training monitoring has already garnered important applications but lacks a theoretical framework from which to develop further. As such, we propose a framework involving the following: analyses of individuals, trend analyses, rules-based analysis, and statistical process control.

Open access

Shona L. Halson, Alan G. Hahn and Aaron J. Coutts

complexity and sophistication, it may be the case that athlete servicing and research should be viewed on a continuum rather than as 2 separate entities. As is to be expected, winning is the primary objective for high-performance teams. Thus, coaches and their support staff are often interested in

Open access

Melanna F. Cox, Greg J. Petrucci Jr., Robert T. Marcotte, Brittany R. Masteller, John Staudenmayer, Patty S. Freedson and John R. Sirard

.74–1.00). Inter-rater agreement was above 80% for most earlier studies and the MOCA DO system (91.6%–100%). These results suggest that both the previous DO systems and the MOCA DO system are similar in agreement. When DO is completed in real-time, less complexity and detail are possible. However, the increase in

Open access

Jon Welty Peachey, Nico Schulenkorf and Ramon Spaaij

by a combination of theoretical perspectives that go beyond sport. In particular, the analysis of Highway of Hope’s response to institutional complexity is underpinned by literature related to institutional logics, hybridity (models, tensions, and management), and a previously developed

Open access

Jonathan M. Williams, Michael Gara and Carol Clark

RealStats in Excel. Reliability was explored using ICC 3, k . In order to understand the natural variability of such tasks, the SEM was calculated along with the minimal detectable change (MDC 95% ) using the following equation: MDC 95 % = 1.96 × SEM × 2 . In addition, the task complexity was explored