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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

differences between these populations exist. Mood and Anxiety Disorders Other differentiating markers of mental health, such as mood and anxiety disorders, are also poorly understood among athlete and non-athlete populations with EDs. Depression and anxiety are reportedly lower in athletes than non

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Ricky Camplain, Julie A. Baldwin, Meghan Warren, Carolyn Camplain, Monica R. Lininger and Robert T. Trotter

physical activity during recreational time also reported asthma (18.5%), hypertension (40.7%), high cholesterol (18.5%), diabetes (11.1%), anxiety (34.0%), and depression (39.6%). Of the 145 participants who sometimes or who never engaged in recreation-time physical activity, most reported motivation

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

gain in children, adults, and pregnant women; (4) reduced risk of gestational diabetes and postpartum depression; and (5) reduced risk of fall-related injuries in older people. In addition, there is evidence that physical activity is associated with (1) improved quality of life, (2) improved sleep; (3

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Taru Manyanga, Joel D. Barnes, Chalchisa Abdeta, Ade F. Adeniyi, Jasmin Bhawra, Catherine E. Draper, Tarun R. Katapally, Asaduzzaman Khan, Estelle Lambert, Daga Makaza, Vida K. Nyawornota, Reginald Ocansey, Narayan Subedi, Riaz Uddin, Dawn Tladi and Mark S. Tremblay

income inequality may affect overall physical activity or sedentary behavior include its relationship with depression, 60 , 61 which in turn is reportedly associated with decreased participation in physical activity 60 and increased sedentary behavior among adolescents 62 , 63 and adults. 59 Income

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D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Kathleen Woolf and Louise Burke

urinary metabolites, N’-methyl-nicotinamide (NMN) and N’-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (2-pyridone) j,k Urinary NMN j,k Good status 17.5–46.7 µmol/d Low status 5.8–17.5 µmol/d Poor status <5.8 µmol/d Early: lassitude anorexia, weakness, depression, digestive disturbances, anxiety, and irritability

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Marie H. Murphy, Angela Carlin, Catherine Woods, Alan Nevill, Ciaran MacDonncha, Kyle Ferguson and Niamh Murphy

benefits, regular participation in physical activity is associated with a range of positive mental health–related outcomes, 4 including reduced anxiety, stress, and depression 2 , 5 enhanced cognitive function and academic performance. 6 Despite the health benefits of regular participation, approximately

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Douglas J. Casa, Samuel N. Cheuvront, Stuart D. Galloway and Susan M. Shirreffs

dehydration has a negative effect on mood state through one or more alterations in perceived tiredness, alertness, confusion, fatigue, anger, or depression ( Cheuvront & Kenefick, 2014 ). When dehydration is ≥2% body mass, it can also produce unpleasant and distractive symptoms, such as dry mouth, thirst, and

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Sigridur L. Gudmundsdottir

, depression, and attention disorders ( 2 ), factors that might impair athletic performance and training ability. The overall mean TST-variability found among the swimmers is close to what Whitworth found among 19-year-old soccer players (62 min) ( 39 ). In Whitworth’s study, nonathletes with a mean age of 23

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Anna K. Melin, Ida A. Heikura, Adam Tenforde and Margo Mountjoy

depression can precede or be caused by LEA illustrated by the double-headed arrow. GnRH = gonadotropin-releasing hormone; LEA = low energy availability; LH = luteinizing hormone; T 3  = triiodothyronine; IGF-1 = insulin-like growth factor 1; P1CP = carboxy-terminal propeptide of Type I procollagen in serum

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Salomé Aubert, Joel D. Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Y. Huang, Izzeldin A.E. Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda A. Morrison, Jorge Mota, John J. Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen H.S. Wong, Paweł Zembura and Mark S. Tremblay

. Kremer P , Elshaug C , Leslie E , Toumbourou JW , Patton GC , Williams J . Physical activity, leisure-time screen use and depression among children and young adolescents . J Sci Med Sport . 2014 ; 17 ( 2 ): 183 – 187 . PubMed ID: 23648221 doi:10.1016/J.JSAMS.2013.03.012 10.1016/j