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Ítalo R. Lemes, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Bruna C. Turi-Lynch, Jamile S. Codogno, Luana C. de Morais, Kelly A.K. Koyama and Henrique L. Monteiro

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors, including abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, blood pressure, and elevated fasting glucose (impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes mellitus). MetS is a predictor of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. 1

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Kenneth E. Powell, Abby C. King, David M. Buchner, Wayne W. Campbell, Loretta DiPietro, Kirk I. Erickson, Charles H. Hillman, John M. Jakicic, Kathleen F. Janz, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, William E. Kraus, Richard F. Macko, David X. Marquez, Anne McTiernan, Russell R. Pate, Linda S. Pescatello and Melicia C. Whitt-Glover

gain in children, adults, and pregnant women; (4) reduced risk of gestational diabetes and postpartum depression; and (5) reduced risk of fall-related injuries in older people. In addition, there is evidence that physical activity is associated with (1) improved quality of life, (2) improved sleep; (3

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Baruch Vainshelboim, Zhongming Chen, Ricardo M. Lima and Jonathan Myers

in pack-years, presence of cardiac and pulmonary disease, diabetes, and physical activity status (active or inactive). 2 , 39 , 40 Physical activity status was evaluated by a participant’s response to the question: “Do you engage in some form of physical activity such as brisk walking, jogging

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Steven Loy

evolution), and we have developed our program to serve 4 different fitness levels, including a falls prevention group, and deliver a free diabetes program modified from the National Diabetes Prevention Program. The 3 WINS Fitness program is sustainable, affordable, replicable, and scalable. The problem of

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Ricky Camplain, Julie A. Baldwin, Meghan Warren, Carolyn Camplain, Monica R. Lininger and Robert T. Trotter

physical activity during recreational time also reported asthma (18.5%), hypertension (40.7%), high cholesterol (18.5%), diabetes (11.1%), anxiety (34.0%), and depression (39.6%). Of the 145 participants who sometimes or who never engaged in recreation-time physical activity, most reported motivation

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Marilia Silva Paulo, Javaid Nauman, Abdishakur Abdulle, Abdulla Aljunaibi, Mouza Alzaabi, Caroline Barakat-Haddad, Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Syed Mahboob Shah, Susan Yousufzai and Tom Loney

expatriate adults (∼89% of the UAE population) 1 have high rates of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. 1 , 5 , 6 Hence, the low prevalence of physical activity (PA) amongst UAE children is a major concern as physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for future chronic disease

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Karla I. Galaviz, Gabriela Argumedo Garcia, Alejandro Gaytán-González, Inés González-Casanova, Martín Francisco González Villalobos, Alejandra Jáuregui, Edtna Jáuregui Ulloa, Catalina Medina, Yoali Selene Pacheco Miranda, Marcela Pérez Rodríguez, Eugen Resendiz, Ricardo Alejandro Retano Pelayo, María del Pilar Rodríguez Martínez and Juan Ricardo López y Taylor

activity opportunities. In light of the obesity and diabetes epidemic Mexico is facing, efforts should be directed towards promoting physical activity and combating sedentary behaviors. Findings from this Report Card can be used to guide this endeavour. References 1. Medina C , Jáuregui A , Campos

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Steriani Elavsky, Lenka Knapova, Adam Klocek and David Smahel

.83 ± 17.3, mean difference: 40.02 ± 1.43, Cohen’s d  =  2.22 . Note . RCT = randomized controlled trial; PP = study with pre/post design; PA = physical activity; SB = sedentary behavior; H = healthy population; S = special population; T2Dm = Type II diabetes; MetS = metabolic syndrome; IG = intervention

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Patrick Abi Nader, Lina Majed, Suzan Sayegh, Ruba Hadla, Cécile Borgi, Zeina Hawa, Lama Mattar, Elie-Jacques Fares, Marie Claire Chamieh, Carla Habib Mourad and Mathieu Bélanger

Introduction The prevalence of childhood obesity in Lebanon nearly doubled between 1997 and 2009. 1 This shift in population health is extremely alarming, given that obesity is associated with a host of chronic diseases (eg, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancer) 1 representing the

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Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Betty Méndez-Pérez, Maritza Landaeta-Jiménez, Xiomarys Marcano, Evelyn Guilart, Luis Sotillé and Rosalba Romero

risk for developing chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obesity and some types of cancer. The Government is given a grade of “F” since no actions promoting physical activity are being implemented, 10 whereas NGOs and private initiatives are given an “A”, since these