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Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke

than Na + loading over an extended period ( McCubbin et al., 2019a ). Glycerol, a three-carbon alcohol, is another effective osmolyte that enhances fluid retention and results in expansion of P v and a reduction in urine output. Glycerol was removed from the World Anti-Doping Agency Prohibited List

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rehydration intervention for P Osmol (p=0.008), Δ P V (p<0.001), and rating of thirst (p<0.001), but not total body water (p=0.830). No trial differences were observed. Total fluid intake did not differ between trials (CM: 24.2ml/kg vs CEB: 24.0ml/kg; p=0.907). However, there was greater fluid retention (CM

Open access

Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo and Majke Jorgensen

benefit for both maximal and repeat sprint efforts and weight room activities Possibly; sprinters must weigh potential performance benefits vs. energetic costs associated with extra body mass and fluid retention that may occur with creatine monohydrate supplementation Bemben and Lamont ( 2005 ), Haff et

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Trent Stellingwerff, Ingvill Måkestad Bovim and Jamie Whitfield

concern that is of particular relevance for weight-dependent runners is the potential for increased fluid retention, and therefore an increase in BM, as a result of the increased sodium intake ( Sims et al., 2007a , 2007b ). Taken together, these findings suggest that supplementation with NaHCO 3 − has

Open access

Louise M. Burke, Asker E. Jeukendrup, Andrew M. Jones and Martin Mooses

Rosendal & Coombes, 2013 ; Goulet et al., 2007 ). Mechanism of action • Fluid retention achieved by the use of an osmotic agent (glycerol or sodium) in fluids consumed in the hours before exercise increases body fluid stores; allows greater sweat losses during exercise to occur before the net fluid

Open access

Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

these requirements. For example, from a practical perspective, fluctuations in body composition may occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle as a result of fluid retention caused by the high levels of progesterone during this phase. Athletes with high levels of LBM may experience increases