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Darlene A. Kluka and Anneliese Goslin

Open access

Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

of the subspecialties of clinical psychology, sport psychology, and forensic psychology. This paper serves to provide an overview of context-specific approaches to pertinent identification and treatment issues. An overview of sexual abuse victim and perpetrator identification will be offered along

Open access

Sebastien Pollet, James Denison-Day, Katherine Bradbury, Rosie Essery, Elisabeth Grey, Max Western, Fiona Mowbray, Kirsten A. Smith, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Nanette Mutrie, Paul Little, and Lucy Yardley

understand in detail which aspects of a digital behavior change intervention to promote physical activity (Active Lives) were likely to be acceptable to older adults. In addition, this allowed for the identification of any ways in which these might need to be adapted as part of the iterative development

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Kelsey M. Rynkiewicz, Lauren A. Fry, and Lindsay J. DiStefano

to be investigated for effectiveness, allowing for the identification of successful strategies to increase patient success. References 1. Vajapey S , Miller TL . Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic exertional compartment syndrome: a review of current literature . Phys Sportsmed

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Eboneé N. Butler, Anita M.H. Ambs, Jill Reedy, and Heather R. Bowles

Background:

Examining relationships between features of the built environment and physical activity is achievable with geographic information systems technology (GIS). The purpose of this paper is to review the literature to identify GIS measures that can be considered for inclusion in national public health surveillance efforts. In the absence of a universally agreed upon framework that integrates physical, social, and cultural aspects of the environment, we used a multidimensional model of access to synthesize the literature.

Methods:

We identified 29 studies published between 2005 and 2009 with physical activity outcomes that included 1 or more built environment variables measured using GIS. We sorted built environment measures into 5 dimensions of access: accessibility, availability, accommodation, affordability, and acceptability.

Results:

Geospatial land-use data, street network data, environmental audits, and commercial databases can be used to measure the availability, accessibility, and accommodation dimensions of access. Affordability and acceptability measures rely on census and self-report data.

Conclusions:

GIS measures have been included in studies investigating the built environment and physical activity, although few have examined more than 1 construct of access. Systematic identification and collection of relevant GIS measures can facilitate collaboration and accelerate the advancement of research on the built environment and physical activity.

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Josep C. Benítez-Martínez, Pablo Martínez-Ramírez, Fermín Valera-Garrido, Jose Casaña-Granell, and Francesc Medina-Mirapeix

Context: The prevalence and negative consequences of the symptoms surrounding patellar tendinopathy constitute an important problem for sports medicine professionals. The identification of potential pain mediators is, therefore, of major interest to improve both the prevention and management of this injury. Objective: To compare the pain experienced by elite male adult basketball players and patterns of patellar tendon abnormalities. Also, to identify whether structural and vascular sonographic abnormalities (focal area of hypoechogenicity, thickening, and neovascularization [NV]) are equal in determining pain perceptions. Design: An observational study with professional basketball teams (ACB—Spanish league). Participants: A total of 73 male basketball players (mean age 26.8 y). Main Outcome Measures: Patellar tendon ultrasonography images. Pain scores were compared between the identified patterns. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the relative importance of abnormalities. Results: Of the 146 tendons, 91 had some degree of sonographic abnormality. Three main patterns were identified: I (1 structural abnormality without NV), II (2 structural abnormalities without NV), and III (2 structural abnormalities and NV). A total of 31 tendons (21.2%) exhibited pattern I, 46 (31.5%) presented pattern II, and 13 tendons (8.9%) exhibited pattern III. The mean visual analog scale and the Victorian Institute of Sport assessment questionnaire—patellar tendon (VISA-P) scores for pattern III were significantly different (P < .05) compared with patterns I and II; however, the pain pressure threshold (PPT) scores were not. NV was significantly associated with worsened scores for all pain measures; however, the focal area of hypoechogenicity was only associated with PPT scores. Conclusion: Patterns of sonographic abnormalities, including NV, demonstrated greater pain. Although NV determined scores for the visual analog scale, VISA-P, and PPT, the presence of focal area of hypoechogenicity on its own is a determining factor for the PPT. This study suggests that the combination of 2 or more sonographic abnormalities may help explain pain variations among basketball players.

Open access

Kellie C. Huxel Bliven

science published. This is an important tenant we want to maintain. One way to achieve this goal is strategic identification of topics for thematic issues, which have proven to be a successful strategy for JSR given the high number of citations of recent clinically relevant thematic issues. JSR was

Open access

Philip D. Chilibeck

stretching studies from the literature and identification of other studies that found benefits of stretching for vascular function and reducing blood pressure. 3 , 4 These studies led to the hypothesis that we proposed in our recent publication that stretching would be superior to a walking program for

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R. Dale Sheptak Jr. and Brian E. Menaker

important, yet rarely remarked on, aspect of employment morality and sport labor studies. The Precarity of Sport Work Workers who engage in part-time, insecure, and unprotected work are identified as precarious workers. The identification of an increase in precarious work has led to the recognition of a new

Open access

Jos J de Koning, Teun van Erp, Rob Lamberts, Stephen Cheung, and Dionne Noordhof

that has direct practical application to enhancing sport performance, preventing decrements in performance, or enhancing recovery of athletes.” With the Practical Applications section, we try to narrow the often-mentioned gap between sport science and sport practice. 1 – 3 By clear identification of