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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

important to employ strategies that target these different social-cognitive factors. A well-known intervention strategy to promote PA is imagery ( Hall, 1995 ). Imagery is defined as the mental representation of an object, action, or psychological state in the absence of any external stimulus and can be

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Rosa M. Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin and Nicole Cosby

The use of imagery as a psychological intervention has been suggested to be effective at reducing anxiety, tension, and pain, while promoting and encouraging healing after an injury. Imagery is defined as a process of performing a skill in one’s mind using the senses (touch, feel, smell, vision, etc

Open access

In the original publication of the article Muir, I., Munroe-Chandler, K.J., & Loughead, L. (2018), A qualitative investigation of young female dancers’ use of imagery. The Sport Psychologist, 32 (4), 263–274, , the second author’s name appeared incorrectly in

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Courtney Coughenour and Timothy J. Bungum


Neighborhood walkability is being promoted as an important factor in public health efforts to decrease rates of physical inactivity. Single entry communities (SEC), communities with only 1 entrance/exit, may result in an over estimation of walkability. This design makes direct walking routes outside the community nearly impossible and results in increased trip distance. The purpose of this study was to determine if accounting for SECs resulted in a significant difference in street connectivity.


Twenty geographically different Las Vegas neighborhoods were chosen and the number of true intersections measured in ArcGIS. Neighborhoods were then assessed for the presence of SECs using google maps, ArcGIS land imagery, and field observation. Intersections inside SECs were removed. A paired t test was used to assess the mean difference of intersection density before and after adjustment.


There was a statistically significant decrease in the number of true intersections after the adjustment (before mean = 57.8; after mean = 45.7). The eta squared statistic indicates a large effect size (0.3).


Single entry communities result in an over estimation of street connectivity. If SECs are not accounted for, trip distances will be underestimated and public health efforts to promote walking through walkable neighborhoods may prove less effective.

Open access

Trey Brokaw

This presentation will share the results from a study conducted on college track and field athletes at the NCAA division II level. The study compares the results of scores on the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS) and, individual athlete’s improvements in their event area according to the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) scoring charts for track and field. A select group of primarily middle distance and distance runners was selected for the study. These athletes were given a baseline TOPS examination to evaluate their prior knowledge and use of mental skills in their athletic experiences. Personal best times in the athlete’s primary events were recorded from the previous year. During the nine weeks of the outdoor track and field season that this study took place; athletes were introduced to a wide array of activities associated with improving their mental skills. Such activities included goal setting, imagery, relaxation, optimum level of arousal, affirmations, and the use of positive self-talk and routines. Athletes would have an organized mental skills session at least twice each of the nine weeks of the season. Athletes also had an individual meeting with the coaches to go over goal setting and the use of their mental skills to enhance their physical skills. After the outdoor season was completed the athletes took a post-examination TOPS. The scores were compared with their pretest scores as well as their improvement in personal best times in their main events on the track.

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

of these focus groups were conducted with parents of teens. This round of focus groups was intended to test prototype messaging and imagery based on themes and preferences discovered in the initial round of focus groups and the online survey. Participants were asked to respond to prototype messages

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Katrina G. Ritter, Matthew J. Hussey and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

RPE and increasing intensity every 5 min Participants completed a 4-part rehabilitation program for 6 wk: (1) Submaximal aerobic training for 15 min; (2) Coordination exercises; (3) Visualization and imagery; and (4) Daily home exercises Symptoms: Heart rate and blood pressure were recorded to

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Janelle Prince, Eric Schussler and Ryan McCann

rehabilitation program described by Gagnon et al 22 with 4 components: submaximal aerobic training, light coordination and sports-specific exercise, visualization and imagery techniques, and home exercise program all administered according to a written manual, initially with physiotherapists, then transitioned

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Francesca Genoese, Shelby Baez and Johanna M. Hoch

physical activity. Future studies should also examine the effects of psychosocial intervention strategies on fear-avoidance beliefs. Cognitive behavioral interventions that have been used to decrease fear in other musculoskeletal populations include imagery, self-talk, cognitive restructuring, graded

Open access

Caitlin Brinkman, Shelby E. Baez, Francesca Genoese and Johanna M. Hoch

that examined the effectiveness of other psychological interventions (eg, modeling, imagery) on self-efficacy; • studies that examined the effectiveness of goal setting in nonathletic populations (eg, disability); and • studies that examined the effectiveness of goal setting in injuries unrelated to