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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

important to employ strategies that target these different social-cognitive factors. A well-known intervention strategy to promote PA is imagery ( Hall, 1995 ). Imagery is defined as the mental representation of an object, action, or psychological state in the absence of any external stimulus and can be

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Frances Bevington, Katrina L. Piercy, Kate Olscamp, Sandra W. Hilfiker, Dena G. Fisher and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

of these focus groups were conducted with parents of teens. This round of focus groups was intended to test prototype messaging and imagery based on themes and preferences discovered in the initial round of focus groups and the online survey. Participants were asked to respond to prototype messages

Open access

Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo and Hiroaki Masaki

, 27 ( 20 ), 5515 – 5522 . PubMed doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0406-07.2007 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0406-07.2007 Nishimoto , T. , Ueda , T. , Miyawaki , K. , Une , Y. , & Takahashi , M. ( 2012 ). The role of imagery-related properties in picture naming: A newly standardized set of 360 pictures for

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Courtney Coughenour and Timothy J. Bungum


Neighborhood walkability is being promoted as an important factor in public health efforts to decrease rates of physical inactivity. Single entry communities (SEC), communities with only 1 entrance/exit, may result in an over estimation of walkability. This design makes direct walking routes outside the community nearly impossible and results in increased trip distance. The purpose of this study was to determine if accounting for SECs resulted in a significant difference in street connectivity.


Twenty geographically different Las Vegas neighborhoods were chosen and the number of true intersections measured in ArcGIS. Neighborhoods were then assessed for the presence of SECs using google maps, ArcGIS land imagery, and field observation. Intersections inside SECs were removed. A paired t test was used to assess the mean difference of intersection density before and after adjustment.


There was a statistically significant decrease in the number of true intersections after the adjustment (before mean = 57.8; after mean = 45.7). The eta squared statistic indicates a large effect size (0.3).


Single entry communities result in an over estimation of street connectivity. If SECs are not accounted for, trip distances will be underestimated and public health efforts to promote walking through walkable neighborhoods may prove less effective.

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Bart Roelands and Philip Hurst

improving or maintaining an athlete’s performance, such as pharmacological/nutritional [eg, caffeine], psychological [eg, imagery], physical [eg, massage], or mechanical [eg, altitude training].) While researchers often regard the placebo effect as a nuisance to control for in randomized control trials, for

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Alan L. Smith and Daniel Gould

addresses the positive and negative experiences of youth sport for those with physical and developmental disabilities. He offers an extended treatment of the concept of inspiration porn, which is imagery of successful sport or physical activity behavior by a person with a disability that is intended to