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Eric S. Rawson, Mary P. Miles and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

may help athletes to train and/or compete more effectively without performance impediments. These supplements include creatine monohydrate, beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D, probiotics, gelatin, and anti-inflammatory supplements such as curcumin or tart cherry

Open access

Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

proteins increase chronically during recovery and are involved in the inflammatory acute phase response. In response to an acute immunological challenge, such as exercise stress, cells of the immune system must be able to grow and proliferate to generate effector cells producing specific molecules

Open access

Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

times and reducing muscle fatigue limiting postexercise strength losses. 1 After intense exercise, PBMT confines the degree of exercise-induced muscle damage, limiting the need for a large inflammatory process. 2 It also reduces patient-reported muscle soreness, modulates growth factors and myogenic

Open access

Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

have been reported with the long-term use of CM (up to 4 years) when appropriate loading protocols are followed ( Schilling et al., 2001 ). In fact, some reports propose CM supplementation to be anti-inflammatory, and to reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress ( Deminice et al., 2013 ). In summary

Open access

Ronald J. Maughan, Louise M. Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D. Enette Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Eric S. Rawson, Neil P. Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Luc van Loon, Susan M. Shirreffs, Lawrence L. Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M. Ali, Richard G.M. Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis Pitsiladis, Torbjørn Soligard, Uğur Erdener and Lars Engebretsen

strength and power ( Rawson & Persky, 2007 ; Volek & Rawson, 2004 ). Less common: Enhanced endurance performance resulting from increased/improved protein synthesis, glycogen storage, and thermoregulation ( Cooper et al., 2012 ; Kreider et al., 2017 ). Potential anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects

Open access

Peter Peeling, Linda M. Castell, Wim Derave, Olivier de Hon and Louise M. Burke

( Schilling et al., 2001 ), and in some instances, potential anti-inflammatory effects are proposed ( Deminice et al., 2013 ). Therefore, creatine supplementation consumed according to the previously mentioned protocols shows strong efficacy for both acute and chronic performance gains, where power, strength

Open access

Keith Baar

limited success ( Schwartz et al., 2015 ). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are equivocal as to their effect on tendinopathy ( Weiler, 1992 ). Indeed, recent work suggests that NSAIDs may not even be delivered to human tendons sufficiently to alter gene expression ( Heinemeier et al., 2017

Free access

Nicole Cascia, Tim L. Uhl and Carolyn M. Hettrich

injected in the partial UCL tears • Acetaminophen and ice were used to control pain along with rest • Progressive stretching and strengthening for 4–6 wk before starting ITP (needed to be asymptomatic subjectively and clinically) • No anti-inflammatories for 2 wk Failed conservative treatment had included

Open access

Sang-Ho Lee, Steven D. Scott, Elizabeth J. Pekas, Jeong-Gi Lee and Song-Young Park

caffeinated drinks, alcohol, and antioxidant supplements during the whole period of the study. All participants had no history of chronic use of antioxidants or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Table 1 Physical Characteristics of the Study Participants %Fat Body weight, kg Group Age, y Height, cm Career

Open access

Dana M. Lis, Daniel Kings and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

a short-term gluten-containing diet versus GFD. Diet and exercise were replicated in both trials, but no differences in measures of gastrointestinal injury, gastrointestinal symptoms, systemic inflammatory responses, perceptual well-being, or exercise performance were observed between the diets