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Matt Hausmann, Jacob Ober and Adam S. Lepley

ankle sprains. However, very little evidence has been produced regarding the clinical effectiveness of deep oscillation therapy, limiting its application in therapeutic rehabilitation of acute lateral ankle sprains. Clinical Question Is deep oscillation therapy effective in reducing pain and swelling in

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Ui-Jae Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-A Kim, Jun-Hee Kim and Oh-Yun Kwon

is atrophied due to the effects of the sedentary modern lifestyle. 41 – 43 The RA and lateral abdominal wall (LAW) muscles (external oblique, IO, and TrA) play an important role, not only in appearance, muscle strength, and endurance, but also in LC. Although various electrical stimulation devices

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Jonathan M. Williams, Michael Gara and Carol Clark

assess balance during various double- and single-leg balance tasks demonstrating good to excellent reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC > .7). 6 Landing Task Participants performed single-leg hopping with a “fixed” landing in the forward, lateral, and medial directions. Floor markers were

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Julie A. Fuller, Heidi L. Hammil, Kelly J. Pronschinske and Chris J. Durall

lateral patellar support brace with 30° flexion for 3 wk and then 90° flexion for next 3 wk. Brace removed after 6 wk, and patients were instructed to complete full ROM. FWB from the start. Rehab protocol (ROM as tolerated, isometric quadriceps strengthening, progressed to isokinetic strengthening when

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Brice T. Cleland and Sheila Schindler-Ivens

showed lateralized and elevated cortical activation during hemiparetic walking was unavoidably confounded by stroke-related changes in the spatiotemporal characteristics of the gait cycle, such as decreased swing phase symmetry. Indeed, neuroplastic adaptations to stroke, altered motor commands, and

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Kenji Kanazawa, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Ryo Fujita, Kazuaki Suzuki, Masashi Koide, Akira Ando and Yutaka Yabe

ROM measurements, including forward flexion, lateral elevation, external rotation, and 90° abduction with external rotation, using a goniometer, with patients in a standing position. Hand behind the back motion was measured by asking the patients to place the thumb on the highest possible spinal

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Tomomasa Nakamura, Yuriko Yoshida, Hiroshi Churei, Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Takehiro Ohmi, Shunsuke Ohji, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Toshiaki Ueno and Kazuyoshi Yagishita

tasks: (1) First, 3 trials were performed with no order (control jump-landing); (2) subsequently, subjects were ordered to clench at the time of landing in the following 3 trials (clenching jump-landing). The direction of jump was set to anterior and lateral (side of dominant leg) for every task. For

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Bradley C. Jackson, Robert T. Medina, Stephanie H. Clines, Julie M. Cavallario and Matthew C. Hoch

and health-related quality of life. 4 , 5 Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common residual problem resulting from lateral ankle sprains characterized by sensations of joint instability, episodes of “giving way” during activities of daily living, mechanical laxity, 6 and diminished postural

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Robert W. Cox, Rodrigo E. Martinez, Russell T. Baker and Lindsay Warren

stationary arm with the proximal limb, and the movement arm with the distal limb. Ankle plantar flexion is measured with the fulcrum centered over the lateral malleolus, stationary arm aligned with the fibula, and movement arm aligned with the fifth metatarsal. 1 – 3 Inclinometry, an alternative to

Open access

Caroline Westwood, Carolyn Killelea, Mallory Faherty and Timothy Sell

of force data (in newton) were used to calculate the medial/lateral (MLSI), anterior/posterior (APSI), vertical (VSI), and dynamic (DPSI) postural stability indexes for dynamic trials, 6 and all 10 seconds of static data were used to calculate SDs in all anatomical directions. Routine