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Sang-Ho Lee, Steven D. Scott, Elizabeth J. Pekas, Jeong-Gi Lee and Song-Young Park

can ultimately result in damage to the cells. 5 This is concerning, as an impairment in lipid metabolism and an increase in free radical production can lead to greater risks of cardiovascular and metabolic disease in these athletes. 6 , 7 Octacosanol, a straight-chain, high-molecular-weight, primary

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Meghan Edwards and Paul Loprinzi

The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), calculated as LOG 10 (triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol [HDL-C]), 1 is directly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. 2 – 4 Triglycerides and HDL-C are both measured during a traditional lipid profile assessment, making this a

Open access

Susana Andrade, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Wilma Freire, Natalia Romero-Sandoval, Daniel Orellana, Teodoro Contreras, José Luis Pillco, Jessica Sacta, Diana Andrade Muñoz, Patricia Ramírez, Miguel Martin and Silvana Donoso

-perception of body image and factors related with it . OJEpi . 2014 ; 4 ( 3 ): 122 – 128 . doi:10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 10.4236/ojepi.2014.43017 8. Andrade S , Ochoa-Avilés A , Lachat C , et al . Physical fitness among urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents and its association with blood lipids: a

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Jennifer Sygo, Alicia Kendig Glass, Sophie C. Killer and Trent Stellingwerff

or more; Garthe et al., 2011 ). In gaining mass, shot putters may demonstrate unfavorable lipid profiles ( Faber et al., 1990 ). Therefore, athletes may benefit from periodic blood lipid profiling, along with a high-quality diet that balances the need to consume energy-dense foods to support

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Graeme L. Close, Craig Sale, Keith Baar and Stephane Bermon

restriction during this crucial recovery period. One thing that is generally accepted is that, when reducing energy intake, macronutrients should not be cut evenly as maintaining a high-protein intake will be essential to attenuate loss of lean muscle mass. Poor attention has been paid to dietary lipids in

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Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

signaling pathways that increase many of the hallmark muscle adaptations to endurance training such as mitochondrial biogenesis, angiogenesis and increased lipid oxidation (Figure  2 ). The landmark studies in the field have typically manipulated preexercise muscle glycogen availability ( Hansen et

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increased prevalence of risk factors for metabolic diseases such as an abnormal elevation of blood lipids like circulating cholesterol and triglycerides. The evidence strongly suggests that free sugars, especially fructose, comprised in beverages sweetened with High-Fructose Corn Syrup is responsible for

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Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

body glycogen stores are depleted and increases occur in a variety of lipid super-pathway metabolites, including oxidized derivatives called oxylipins ( Nieman et al., 2018b ). Oxylipins are involved in initiating, mediating, and resolving the innate immune response ( Markworth et al., 2016 ; Nieman

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Dana M. Lis, Daniel Kings and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

adaptation to enhance exercise metabolism and performance ( Aird et al., 2018 ). Any improvements in lipid profile, inflammatory markers, glucose metabolism, or cardiovascular function are short-lived and are not clinically significant ( Barkia et al., 2011 ; Memari et al., 2011 ; Stockman et al., 2018

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Amy J. Hector and Stuart M. Phillips

, lipid oxidation, and resting energy expenditure), and, perhaps most importantly for elite athletes, skeletal muscle is crucial for locomotion and athletic performance ( Wolfe, 2006 ). Therefore, to reduce the negative consequences of skeletal muscle loss and performance that may accompany caloric