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Michal Botek, Jakub Krejčí, Andrew J. McKune and Barbora Sládečková

/or immune systems. 10 Limitations of the study include that ventilatory and metabolic responses as well as changes in participant antioxidative capacity were not measured. These variables may have improved the understanding of mechanisms underlying our results. Other limitations are that the dose of H 2

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Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron J. Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona L. Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, K. Wolfgang Kallus, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter and Jürgen Beckmann

jogging) involves mainly physical activities aimed at compensating the metabolic responses of physical fatigue. Proactive recovery (eg, social activities) implies a high level of self-determination by choosing activities customized to individual needs and preferences. 3 , 6 A certain degree of fatigue

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Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

– 172 . PubMed ID: 3525502 doi:10.1152/jappl.1986.61.1.165 10.1152/jappl.1986.61.1.165 De Bock , K. , Derave , W. , Eijnde , B.O. , Hesselink , M.K. , Koninckx , E. , Rose , A.J. , … Hespel , P. ( 2008 ). Effect of training in the fasted state on metabolic responses during exercise with

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Graeme L. Close, Craig Sale, Keith Baar and Stephane Bermon

( Barry et al., 2011 ), both of which have been shown to limit disturbances to calcium homeostasis and, potentially, the bone metabolic response to subsequent exercise. Athletes are generally advised to consume more protein than the recommended daily allowance of 0.8 g·kg BM −1 ·day −1 , with many

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Emma L. Sweeney, Daniel J. Peart, Irene Kyza, Thomas Harkes, Jason G. Ellis and Ian H. Walshe

-intensity exercise ( Leiper et al., 2001 ), delaying the absorption of the glucose drink, and therefore, findings may not be comparable between an OGTT and IVGTT. Alternatively, it may be possible that SR alters the metabolic response to exercise. Our findings reflect those by Rynders et al. ( 2014 ), who noted

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Louise M. Burke, John A. Hawley, Asker Jeukendrup, James P. Morton, Trent Stellingwerff and Ronald J. Maughan

. ( 2008 ). Effect of training in the fasted state on metabolic responses during exercise with carbohydrate intake . Journal of Applied Physiology, 104 ( 4 ), 1045 – 1055 . PubMed ID: 18276898 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01195.2007 10.1152/japplphysiol.01195.2007 Evans , M. , Cogan , K.E. , & Egan

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Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall and Louise M. Burke

Merrymaker Sisters . Phinney , S.D. , Bistrian , B.R. , Evans , W.J. , Gervino , E. , & Blackburn , G.L. ( 1983 ). The human metabolic response to chronic ketosis without caloric restriction: Preservation of submaximal exercise capacity with reduced carbohydrate oxidation . Metabolism, 32

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Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke

, repeated-sprint activities may reach a tipping point, where muscle temperature–related benefits are overridden by exacerbated cardiovascular and metabolic responses ( Girard et al., 2015 ). In team sport athletes (e.g., football), the effects of environmental heat stress appear to include both an

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Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

, 1 – 23 . doi:10.1123/ijspp.2017-0312 Graham , T.E. , & Spriet , L.L. ( 1991 ). Performance and metabolic responses to a high caffeine dose during prolonged exercise . Journal of Applied Physiology, 71 , 2292 – 2298 . PubMed doi:10.1152/jappl.1991.71.6.2292 10.1152/jappl.1991

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Neil Armstrong

metabolic responses to submaximal and maximal exercise are reviewed. The clinical importance of understanding deconditioning in exercise-induced physiological responses during a CPET is explained, and the relevance of the child’s symptom perception is acknowledged. The final step in their systematic