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Tomohiro Yasuda

to evaluate the functional status of individuals and to identify and treat those at risk for mobility problems and frailty. In the periodic and field-based simplified approaches, the handgrip strength measurement has been widely used in clinical practice for the assessment of muscle size or strength

Open access

Ui-Jae Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-A Kim, Jun-Hee Kim and Oh-Yun Kwon

Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) uses a variety of electrical wave forms to artificially stimulate or superimpose training innervated muscles. EMS has been applied for muscle strengthening, facilitation of muscle contraction and motor control, and maintenance of muscle size and strength during

Open access

Daniel Boullosa

years later, it would seem that this is a novel idea given the recent discussion on the absence of contribution of muscle size on strength. 2 , 3 Some time later, in the earlier 1990s, we were very lucky because Mr Rotea started the first course for coaches of the Spanish Olympic Committee. The teacher

Open access

Theodore Kent Kessinger, Bridget Melton, Theresa Miyashita and Greg Ryan

performed all exercises utilized in the training intervention and were free from any existing musculoskeletal disorders or history of injury, and free from anabolic steroids or illegal agents known to increase muscle size. All subjects have practiced RT for at least 3 y without interruption. Back squat

Open access

Lauren Anne Lipker, Caitlyn Rae Persinger, Bradley Steven Michalko and Christopher J. Durall

accurate for evaluating muscle size. 4 Future researchers should also consider measuring muscular torque or force output before and after BFR. Only 1 study in this review evaluated knee-extensor and knee-flexor torques. 2 Ohta et al 2 reported significant improvements in both knee torques in the BFR

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Mark Messina, Heidi Lynch, Jared M. Dickinson and Katharine E. Reed

neurological and morphological factors, not just increases in muscle size ( Folland & Williams, 2007 ). These factors may not be influenced by protein source or overall protein intake ( Reidy et al., 2016 ). Second, in two of the nine studies included in the meta-analysis, soy protein was compared with milk

Open access

Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

Changes in Masters Athletes Aging is associated with a loss of muscle mass and strength/function that is collectively referred to as sarcopenia. Muscle size and strength generally peaks at 20–30 years and begins to decline in middle age (∼40 to 50 years), with an acceleration in older adulthood (generally

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Brian Killinger, Jakob D. Lauver, Luke Donovan and John Goetschius

training . Muscle Nerve . 2017 ; 56 ( 6 ): E126 – E133 . PubMed ID: 28224640 doi:10.1002/mus.25626 10.1002/mus.25626 28224640 22. Abe T , Kearns CF , Sato Y . Muscle size and strength are increased following walk training with restricted venous blood flow from the leg muscle, Kaatsu

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Zachary R. Weber, Divya Srinivasan and Julie N. Côté

consideration with respect to the fatigue response. There are well-known differences between men and women in terms of anthropometrics, muscle size, and muscle fiber content ( Ditor & Hicks, 2000 ; Hicks, Kent-Braun, & Ditor, 2001 ; Hunter, Critchlow, & Enoka, 2004 ), and recent studies suggest differences in

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Petter Fagerberg

). The effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on muscle size and strength in normal men . The New England Journal of Medicine, 335 ( 1 ), 1 – 7 . PubMed doi:10.1056/NEJM199607043350101 10.1056/NEJM199607043350101 Calabrese , L.H. , Kleiner , S.M. , Barna , B.P. , Skibinski , C