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Philippa M. Dall, Dawn A. Skelton, Manon L. Dontje, Elaine H. Coulter, Sally Stewart, Simon R. Cox, Richard J. Shaw, Iva Čukić, Claire F. Fitzsimons, Carolyn A. Greig, Malcolm H. Granat, Geoff Der, Ian J. Deary, Sebastien F.M. Chastin and On behalf of the Seniors USP Team

different constructs of physical behaviors compared with objective monitors ( Troiano, McClain, Brychta, & Chen, 2014 ). Using objective measurement of PA and SB in large-scale studies incurs practical and pragmatic challenges, different from the use of self-report, and often requires informed decisional

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Narayan Subedi, Susan Paudel, Sudip Nepal, Ashmita Karki, Mahendra Magar and Suresh Mehata

incorporating a wide range of variables with objective measurement, in this age group, to guide policy and interventions. Likewise, concern and support of stakeholders to promote PA among children and youth is warranted. References 1. Siegel KR , Patel SA , Ali MK . Non-communicable diseases in South

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Katariina Kämppi, Annaleena Aira, Nina Halme, Pauliina Husu, Virpi Inkinen, Laura Joensuu, Sami Kokko, Kaarlo Laine, Kaisu Mononen, Sanna Palomäki, Timo Ståhl, Arja Sääkslahti and Tuija Tammelin

Indicator Grade Rationale Overall Physical Activity (PA) D The proportion of children and adolescent who meet the minimum recommendation of engaging in at least 60 minutes of PA a day. 34% of 9-15 y (LIITU objective measurements, 2016), 31% of 9-15 y (LIITU survey 2016). 1 45% of 10-11 y and 19% of 14-15 y

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Izzeldin Ibrahim, Eiman Al Hammadi, Suzan Sayegh, Lena Zimmo, Jwaher Al Neama, Husam Rezeq, Abdulla Saeed Al-Mohannadi and Al Anoud Al-Thani

39% of children engaged in 30 minutes or more school-based MVPA per day 9 (based on objective measurements). 2. Organized Sport Participation D+ 48% of youth participated in organized sport and/or physical activity (PA) programs. 58% boys and 42% girls are registered to sport clubs. 8 3. Active Play

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Richard A. Brindle, David Ebaugh and Clare E. Milner

strength test. 5 Thus, we suggest using the MDD values from the present study with a general population. Objective measurements should quantify the intended construct to be valid and useful for clinical decision making. For a measurement of eccentric muscle strength to be valid, it must quantify muscle

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Erin Strutz, Raymond Browning, Stephanie Smith, Barbara Lohse and Leslie Cunningham-Sabo

, self-report, and objective measures (ie, accelerometry) have generated mixed results. 14 , 15 Accelerometry is the current best-practice technique for measuring free-living PA in adults and children. 16 , 17 Body-worn accelerometers (ACCs) provide an objective measurement of the frequency, intensity

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Tomohiro Yasuda

. 9 – 11 However, the handgrip strength is an objective measurement of the upper limb muscle 10 , 12 ; therefore, the field-based simplified approaches for muscle size or strength should likewise be focused on the knee extensor muscles for lower limb muscle assessment. To date, the strength, size, or

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Barıs Seven, Gamze Cobanoglu, Deran Oskay and Nevin Atalay-Guzel

objective measurement tools and decrease the risk of mistakes. The limitation of our study is that the concentric tests were performed only at 90°/s angular velocity. However, higher angular velocities which are used in endurance measurements could also be tested. To our knowledge, the present study is the

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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

Wrist-worn accelerometry has become a feasible option for the objective measurement of physical activity in large-scale epidemiological studies, such as Pelotas birth cohorts, the UK Biobank, and Whitehall II ( da Silva et al., 2014 ; Doherty et al., 2017 ; Menai et al., 2017 ). Additionally

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Karin Lobenius-Palmér, Birgitta Sjöqvist, Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf and Lars-Olov Lundqvist

28618 . PubMed doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028618 10.1371/journal.pone.0028618 Reilly , J.J. , Penpraze , V. , Hislop , J. , Davies , G. , Grant , S. , & Paton , J.Y. ( 2008 ). Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behaviour: Review with new data . Archives of Disease in